How Many Teeth Do Dogs Have

There are 42 teeth present in adult dogs. There are 12 incisors, 4 canine teeth, 16 premolars , and 10 molars. Puppies only have 28 deciduous teeth.

Dogs start out with 28 deciduous (baby) teeth. By six months of age, these baby teeth fall out and are replaced by permanent teeth, 42 in the dog. With the proper care, your dog will get to keep all 42 of those teeth the rest of his life.

Adult dogs have 42 teeth. Dogs have two sets of teeth, including baby and adult teeth. They have insisors 6 upper jaw 6 lower jaw, canine 2, upper jaw , 2 lower jaw, promolar 8 upper jaw , 8 lower jaw, molars 4, upper jaw and 6 lower jaw.

They have teeth similar to ours in that they have canines, molars, and premolars. Dogs have similar dental problems and issues to humans as well.

Six pairs of sharp incisor teeth are in front of the mouth, flanked by two pairs of large canine (“dog”) teeth. The other teeth are premolars and molars. The incisors and the canines are very important because the dog bites and tears at its food with these teeth.

Puppies have 28 deciduous , or baby teeth, and loose them all, just as children do. You’re very lucky to have to found so many. I only have four of my pup’s baby teeth. Most of them get swallowed , and is perfectly normal. The dog won’t be hurt by swallowing any of them.

Once all their adult teeth have come in, your dog will have around 42 permanent teeth. This includes the adult version of canines and incisors they had as puppies, plus molars. Occasionally, a dog will have a tooth or two that doesn’t come in. If it causes pain, it may need to be extracted. Once adult teeth are in, these are it, so you need to take care of them. It’s estimated that 80% of dogs over age 2 have some form of dental disease. Dental disease takes many forms, such as:

How Many Types of Cancer Are There

There are over 200 different cancers which each cancer has a different affective treatment! different cancers are found in different parts of the body and some cancers are worse then others. Some cancers appear to come at different times in life! some are:

The other day someone asked me how many types of cancers there are. As you can see below, there are hundreds:

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood
Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Childhood
AIDS-Related Cancers
AIDS-Related Lymphoma
Anal Cancer
Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebral
Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
Bladder Cancer
Bladder Cancer, Childhood
Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma/Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Adult
Brain Tumor, Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Ependymoma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
Brain Tumor, Childhood (Other)
Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer and Pregnancy
Breast Cancer, Childhood
Breast Cancer, Male
Bronchial Adenomas/Carcinoids, Childhood
Carcinoid Tumor, Childhood
Carcinoid Tumor,Gastrointestinal
Carcinoma, Adrenocortical
Carcinoma, Islet Cell
Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
Central Nervous System Lymphoma, Primary
Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
Cervical Cancer
Childhood Cancers
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
Clear Cell Sarcoma of Tendon Sheaths
Colon Cancer
Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Endometrial Cancer
Ependymoma, Childhood
Epithelial Cancer, Ovarian
Esophageal Cancer
Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
Ewing’s Family of Tumors
Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
Eye Cancer, Intraocular Melanoma
Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma
Gallbladder Cancer
Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
Germ Cell Tumor, Extracranial, Childhood
Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal
Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian
Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
Glioma, Childhood Brain Stem
Glioma, Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Head and Neck Cancer
Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Adult (Primary)
Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Adult
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Childhood
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma During Pregnancy
Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Hypothalamic and Visual Pathway Glioma, Childhood
Intraocular Melanoma
Islet Cell Carcinoma (Endocrine Pancreas)
Kaposi’s Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer
Laryngeal Cancer
Laryngeal Cancer, Childhood
Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Adult
Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Childhood
Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Adult
Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Childhood
Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic
Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous
Leukemia, Hairy Cell
Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
Liver Cancer, Adult (Primary)
Liver Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell
Lung Cancer, Small Cell
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult Acute
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood Acute
Lymphocytic Leukemia, Chronic
Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
Lymphoma, Central Nervous System (Primary)
Lymphoma, Cutaneous T-Cell
Lymphoma, Hodgkin’s, Adult
Lymphoma, Hodgkin’s, Childhood
Lymphoma, Hodgkin’s During Pregnancy
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin’s, Adult
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin’s, Childhood
Non-Hodgkin’s During Pregnancy
Lymphoma, Primary Central Nervous System
Macroglobulinemia, Waldenstr�m’s
Male Breast Cancer
Malignant Mesothelioma, Adult
Malignant Mesothelioma, Childhood
Medulloblastoma, Childhood
Melanoma, Intraocular
Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Mesothelioma, Malignant
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome, Childhood
Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Mycosis Fungoides
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic
Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute
Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute
Myeloma, Multiple
Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Childhood
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Adult
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Childhood
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma During Pregnancy
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Oral Cancer, Childhood
Oral Cavity and Lip Cancer
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Osteosarcoma/Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
Ovarian Cancer, Childhood
Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumor
Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
Pancreatic Cancer, Islet Cell
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
Parathyroid Cancer
Penile Cancer
Pineal and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
Pituitary Tumor
Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
Pregnancy and Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Pregnancy and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
Primary Liver Cancer, Adult
Primary Liver Cancer, Childhood
Prostate Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
Renal Cell Cancer, Childhood
Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer
Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood
Salivary Gland Cancer
Salivary Gland Cancer, Childhood
Sarcoma, Ewing’s Family of Tumors
Sarcoma, Kaposi’s
Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma)/Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
Sarcoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood
Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Adult
Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Childhood
Sezary Syndrome
Skin Cancer
Skin Cancer, Childhood
Skin Cancer (Melanoma)
Skin Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
Small Cell Lung Cancer
Small Intestine Cancer
Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Childhood
Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Childhood
Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous
Testicular Cancer
Thymoma, Childhood
Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid Cancer, Childhood
Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational
Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoma of, Adult
Unknown Primary Site, Cancer of, Childhood
Unusual Cancers of Childhood
Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
Urethral Cancer
Uterine Cancer, Endometrial
Uterine Sarcoma
Vaginal Cancer
Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
Vulvar Cancer
Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia
Wilms’ Tumor

How Many Countries Are in the Europe

Europe is the 6th largest continent in the world and presently has 50 countries on it. Russia is the largest country in the world and extends across the whole of Northern Asia and about 40% of Europe, whereas the Vatican city is the smallest in Europe. The population of Europe makes about 11% of the world’s total population. Now, lets test how many countries in Europe continent and in the European Union can you remember.

How Many Countries in Europe Continent
Europe is made of 45 countries excluding those shared with the Asian continent and their names are

Eastern Europe

Capital City – Largest City
Belarus 9,500,000 Minsk
Bulgaria 7,500,000 Sofia
Czech Republic 10,500,000 Prague
Hungary 10,000,000 Budapest
Moldova 4,100,000 Chisinau
Poland 38,200,000 Warsaw
Romania 21,500,000 Bucharest
Russian Federation 141,900,000 Moscow
Slovakia 5,400,000 Bratislava
Ukraine 46,000,000 Kiev

Northern Europe

Country Population Capital City – Largest City
Denmark 5,500,000 Copenhagen
Estonia 1,300,000 Tallinn
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 43 000 Tórshavn
Finland 5,400,000 Helsinki
Greenland (Denmark) 56 854 Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)
Iceland 300,000 Reykjavik
Ireland 4,500,000 Dublin (City)
Latvia 2,200,000 Riga
Lithuania 3,300,000 Vilnius
Northern Ireland (UK) 1 690 000 Belfast
Norway 4,900,000 Oslo
Scotland (UK) 5 200,000 Edinburgh – Glasgow
Sweden 9,400,000 Stockholm
United Kingdom 62,200,000 London
Wales (UK) 2 750 000 Cardiff

Southern Europe

Albania 3,200,000 Tirana
Andorra 100,000 Andorra la Vella
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,800,000 Sarajevo
Croatia (Hrvatska) 4,400,000 Zagreb
Cyprus 1,100,000 Nicosia (Lefkosia)
Gibraltar (UK) 25 000 Gibraltar
Greece 11,300,000 Athens
Holy See (Vatican City State) 1 000 Vatican City
Italy 60,500,000 Rome – Milan (Metro)
Macedonia, Rep. of 2,100,000 Skopje
Malta 400,000 Valletta
Montenegro 600,000 Podgorica
Portugal 10,700,000 Lisbon
San Marino 30,000 San Marino
Serbia 7,300,000 Belgrade
Slovenia 2,100,000 Ljubljana
Spain 47,100,000 Madrid
Turkey 73,600,000 Ankara – Istanbul

Western Europe

Country Population Capital City – Largest City
Austria 8,400,000 Vienna (Wien)
Belgium 10,800,000 Brussels
France 63,000,000 Paris
Germany 81,600,000 Berlin
Liechtenstein 40,000 Vaduz
Luxembourg 500,000 Luxembourg
Monaco 40,000 Monaco
Netherlands 16,600,000 Amsterdam
Switzerland 7,800,000 Bern – Zürich

Countries like Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Armenia, and Georgia are Transcontinental countries as they belong to both Asia as well as Europe.

How Many Hours of Sleep

Studies show that people who sleep between 6.5 hr. and 7.5 hr. a night, as they report, live the longest. And people who sleep 8 hr. or more, or less than 6.5 hr., they don’t live quite as long. There is just as much risk associated with sleeping too long as with sleeping too short. The big surprise is that long sleep seems to start at 8 hr. Sleeping 8.5 hr. might really be a little worse than sleeping 5 hr.

If your sleep is frequently interrupted or cut short, you’re not getting quality sleep — and the quality of your sleep is just as important as the quantity.

How Much Sleep Do You Need?

  • Babies: 14 to 15 hours
  • Toddlers: 12 to 14 hours
  • School-age children: 10 to 11 hours
  • Adults: 7 to 9 hours

How Many Blood Types Are There

There are 8 different blood types (A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+, AB-). The most well known and medically important blood types are in the ABO   group.  They were discovered in 1900 and 1901 at the University of Vienna by Karl Landsteiner in the process of trying to learn why blood transfusions sometimes cause death and at other times save a patient.  In 1930, he belatedly received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of blood types.

All humans and many other primates can be typed for the ABO blood group.  There are four principal types: A, B, AB, and O.  There are two antigens and two antibodies that are mostly responsible for the ABO types.  The specific combination of these four components determines an individual’s type in most cases.  The table below shows the possible permutations of antigens and antibodies with the corresponding ABO type (“yes” indicates the presence of a component and “no” indicates its absence in the blood of an individual).

Blood Type
A yes no no yes
B no yes yes no
O no no yes yes
AB yes yes no no

Blood Types


  1. A+
  2. A-
  3. B+
  4. B-
  5. O+
  6. O-
  7. AB+
  8. AB-


Blood type A

  • As type A blood is common, it is in constant demand and more is always needed.
  • By giving blood regularly you can help other As and also people with AB blood types.

Blood type B

  • As type B is one of the rarest blood types, B type blood donors are always needed, particularly for plasma donations.
  • By giving plasma regularly, you can help people with B and O blood types.

Blood type O

  • As type O blood is the most common, it is in constant demand and more is always needed.
  • By giving blood regularly you can help other Os and also people with AB, A and B blood types.

Blood type AB

  • Even though type AB is the rarest blood type, type AB plasma can help people with any blood type. So, more type AB plasma donors are always needed.
  • By giving plasma regularly you can help people with AB, O, B and A blood types.

ABO and Rh distribution by country

ABO and Rh blood type distribution by nation (population averages)
Country Population O+ A+ B+ AB+ O- A- B- AB-
Australia 22,015,576 40% 31% 8% 2% 9% 7% 2% 1%
Austria 8,219,743 30% 37% 12% 5% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Belgium 10,438,353 37% 38% 7% 2.5% 7% 7% 1% 0.5%
Brazil 198,739,269 36% 34% 8% 2.5% 9% 8% 2% 0.5%
Canada 33,487,208 39% 36% 7.6% 2.5% 7% 6% 1.4% 0.5%
Denmark 5,500,510 35% 37% 8% 4% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Estonia 1,299,371 30% 31% 20% 6% 4.5% 4.5% 3% 1%
Finland 5,250,275 27% 38% 15% 7% 4% 6% 2% 1%
France 62,150,775 36% 37% 9% 3% 6% 7% 1% 1%
Germany 82,329,758 35% 37% 9% 4% 6% 6% 2% 1%
Hong Kong 7,055,071 40% 26% 27% 7% 0.31% 0.19% 0.14% 0.05%
Hungary 10,198,315 31% 38% 18.8% 12.2%
Iceland 306,694 47.6% 26.4% 9.3% 1.6% 8.4% 4.6% 1.7% 0.4%
India 1,166,079,217 36.5% 22.1% 30.9% 6.4% 2.0% 0.8% 1.1% 0.2%
Ireland 4,203,200 47% 26% 9% 2% 8% 5% 2% 1%
Israel 7,233,701 32% 34% 17% 7% 3% 4% 2% 1%
Italy 60,742,397 40% 36% 7.5% 2.5% 7% 6% 1.5% 0.5%
Japan 127,799,000 29.9% 39.8% 19.9% 9.9% 0.15% 0.2% 0.1% 0.05%
Netherlands 16,715,999 39.5% 35% 6.7% 2.5% 7.5% 7% 1.3% 0.5%
New Zealand 4,213,418 38% 32% 9% 3% 9% 6% 2% 1%
Norway 5,000,000 34% 40.8% 6.8% 3.4% 6% 7.2% 1.2% 0.6%
Poland 38,482,919 31% 32% 15% 7% 6% 6% 2% 1%
Portugal 10,707,924 36.2% 39.8% 6.6% 2.9% 6.0% 6.6% 1.1% 0.5%
Saudi Arabia 28,686,633 48% 24% 17% 4% 4% 2% 1% 0.23%
South Africa 49,320,000 39% 32% 12% 3% 7% 5% 2% 1%
Spain 48,125,002 36% 34% 8% 2.5% 9% 8% 2% 0.5%
Sweden 9,433,875 32% 37% 10% 5% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Taiwan 24,000,000 43.9% 25.9% 23.9% 6.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.01% 0.02%
Turkey 76,805,524 29.8% 37.8% 14.2% 7.2% 3.9% 4.7% 1.6% 0.8%
United Kingdom 61,113,205 37% 35% 8% 3% 7% 7% 2% 1%
Ukraine 45,706,120 ~40% ~10%
United States 307,212,123 37.4% 35.7% 8.5% 3.4% 6.6% 6.3% 1.5% 0.6%
Population-weighted mean (total population = 2,261,025,244) 36.44% 28.27% 20.59% 5.06% 4.33% 3.52% 1.39% 0.45%

How many Assassin’s Creed Games Are There

As of now (January 2013) there are 5 main Assassin’s Creed games.

Main series

Assassin’s Creed


Desmond is captured by Abstergo and forced to use the Animus to explore Altaïr ibn-La’Ahad’s memories during the time of the Third Crusade. Desmond begins to witness events after Altaïr breaks all three tenets of the Assassin Brotherhood while attempting to stop Robert de Sablé from taking a Piece of Eden. Al Mualim, the Brotherhood’s leader, demotes Altaïr to Novice and tasks him with assassinating the nine Knights Templars, including de Sablé, to regain his former status. Altaïr’s quest eventually leads him to face de Sablé in the presence of King Richard I of England warning the King of de Sablé plot to kill him. Altaïr defeats de Sablé, but with his last words, de Sablé reveals that there were ten Templars, the last being Al Mualim, who now holds the Piece of Eden. Altaïr returns to face Al Mualim, struggling to fight through the illusions created by the Piece, but eventually kills Al Mualim. When Altaïr recovers the piece, he – and those watching the Animus – witness a holographic map showing locations across the globe where other artifacts are located. Desmond is pulled from the Animus, and his life is spared by Lucy Stillman, an Assassin working as a mole within Abstergo, under the guise of keeping Desmond alive until all the pieces are recovered. He comes to learn that a former test subject had left messages only Desmond can see, foretelling of the end of the world in 2012.

The first Assassin’s Creed introduced elements that would remain cornerstones of the rest of the series. The game attempts to create historical versions of Masyaf (the Brotherhood’s location), Jerusalem, Acre and Damascus, and incorporates a number of documented historical figures into the story. The virtualized Animus system, free running, climbing, stealth, and parkour elements were all present in this title, as well as the initial formulation of the combat system. The player would have to complete a number of side quests before they would be able to obtain an assassin quest from a local Brotherhood guidemaster in each city, though future games would abandon this prerequisite.

Assassin’s Creed II

Lucy returns and breaks Desmond out of Abstergo, taking him to an Assassin safehouse and introduced to Shaun, a historian, and Rebecca, their technical support. Using an improved version of the Animus, Desmond takes witness to Ezio Auditore da Firenze, a young nobleman from the late 15th Century in Florence, shortly before the execution of Ezio’s father and brothers by order of a corrupt official working for the Templars. He and his sisters take to hiding at the Monteriggioni villa owned by his uncle Mario, who helps to train Ezio in the ways of an Assassin. Ezio and Mario discover that Rodrigo Borgia is the figurehead of a number of Templars all who were accomplices in the execution of his family, and with help of allies like Leonardo da Vinci, methodically assassinate the lower-ranked Templars, while learning that Borgia has acquired a Piece of Eden called the Apple. Eventually, Ezio corners Borgia, who hands over the Piece and flees; Ezio is inducted into the ranks of the Brotherhood and believed to be a prophet based on their codex. A decade later, the Brotherhood learns that Borgia has since become Pope Alexander VI, using the Church’s influence to strengthen the Templars. Ezio invades Vatican City and confronts Borgia, discovering that the Papal staff is also a Piece of Eden. Defeating Borgia but sparing his life, Ezio uses both the Apple and the Papal staff to reveal a chamber of ancient technology. Inside, he is addressed by a hologram of a humanoid female that calls herself Minerva who speaks directly to Desmond through Ezio. Minerva explains how her society had pre-dated humanity’s, but a great disaster nearly wiped them out, and warns that another event is due to occur soon, putting the fate of humanity in Desmond’s hands. At this discovery, Desmond and his allies find the safehouse has been compromised by Abstergo and flee.

Similar to the first game, Assassin’s Creed takes place in historical recreations of Venice, Florence, Forlì, San Gimignano, and the Tuscan countryside, and incorporates events during that period as part of the story. Missions are divided into main story missions, themselves divided into memory sequences reflected points along Ezio’s life, and side missions which can be accomplished at any time; this approach to mission structure retains consistent in the other games in the series. The Monteriggioni villa provides several functions which can be expanded on by paying money for upgrades of surrounding buildings, or by purchasing artwork, weapons, and costumes for the villa; in turn, the villa will generate wealth for the player at a rate influenced by the upgrades and acquisition of these items. Additional quests involve locating secret Assassin seals, and finding hidden marks left by “Subject 16″, a former Animus user, that hint at the nature of Minerva’s society.

Assassin’s Creed: Brotherhood

Desmond and his allies retreat to the ruins of the Monteriggioni villa, and Desmond reenters the Animus to continue Ezio’s memories, specifically to identify the location of the Apple. After facing against Rodrigo Borgia, Ezio returned to Monteriggioni, but the villa is soon attacked by forces under the command of Cesare Borgia, Rodrigo’s son. Mario is killed and the Apple is stolen. Ezio vows revenge by helping to free the people of Rome from the Borgia family. As Ezio works covertly to turn the city against the Borgias, he gains followers that want to join his cause, and Ezio trains them in the way of the Assassins. In an attempt to assassinate Cesare and Rodrigo at the Castel Sant’Angelo, Ezio instead witnesses Cesare forcing his father to eat a poisoned apple that Rodrigo had prepared to kill his son. Ezio chases down Cesare and eventually captures him and recovers the Apple. Cesare is taken to prison in Viana, Spain but manages to escape with help of his allies. The Assassins lead the fight against Cesare and the remaining loyal Borgia troops, and eventually Ezio throws Cesare from the castle walls, killing him. With no perceived further threats, Ezio takes to hide the Apple under the Colosseum. In the present, Desmond is able to navigate through the underground chambers beneath the Colosseum to locate the Apple. As he picks it up, Desmond is witness to another hologram figure, calling herself Juno, and who controls Desmond to stab Lucy before he falls into a coma.

Brotherhood shares many of the same features as the previous game though takes place primarily in Rome. Similar to the villa, the player is able to spend money to buy and upgrade shops and other facilities throughout the city as to increase revenue they can collect from it; however, the player will be required to destroy Borgia towers that control various sections of the city before they can do so. The Brotherhood of Assassins is introduced, by which, after saving citizens from certain events, the player can invite these citizens as Assassins; they can then be dispatched to remote locations across Europe to gain experience and money, or can be called in to help the player directly in a mission. For the first time in the series, the game features online multiplayer. Players play as Abstergo employees, who, through the use of the Animus, take on the genetic memories of Renaissance Templars in various game modes.[3]

Assassin’s Creed: Revelations

Desmond comes to consciousness in a virtual area within the Animus, the Animus Island, where he meets the digital personality of Subject 16. Subject 16 explains that from the trauma of stabbing Lucy, Desmond must complete the memories of both Altaïr and Ezio to be able to separate his mind from theirs and to allow him to come out of his coma; however, doing so will destabilize the island as the Animus recovers that memory segment and at one point Subject 16 sacrifices himself to allow Desmond to continue. Desmond rejoins Ezio’s story many years after Brotherhood, where Ezio is curious to the Assassin’s origins and has traveled to Masyaf to locate their original headquarters. He finds Altaïr’s library, though it is locked by five keys which the Templars are also seeking, believing there to be great power within it. Ezio travels to the Ottoman-era Istanbul where the keys are said to have been hidden by explorer Niccolò Polo, and finds the city embroiled by the feuding brothers Selim and Ahmet vying for the Sultanate, the Templars secretly behind the battle. While searching for the keys, Ezio meets and falls in love with Sofia Sartor. Eventually, Ahmet is revealed as the agent for the Templars, and is killed by Selim, who thanks Ezio for his help but banishes him from the city for his own good.

Ezio uses the keys to witness (along with Desmond) Altaïr’s memories following the death of Al Mualim. These show Altaïr having lost his wife and youngest son in the midst of a coup d’etat within the Assassins followed by a twenty-year self-imposed exile. Eventually, Altaïr returned to Masyaf, killed the usurper, and retook control. Near death, Altaïr inscribed the keys with his memories and gave them to his friend Niccoló to hide at a distant location, before disappearing into his library forever. In Ezio’s present, he and Sofia go to Masyaf and open the library to find Altaïr’s corpse and the Piece of Eden he possessed. Ezio leaves the Piece as well as his assassin tools, and speaks directly to Desmond, knowing he was only a conduit for him, and hopes he finds the answer he needs. Desmond is then approached by another holographic figure, Jupiter, who explains that their society had tried to use technology to stop the destruction of the earth’s surface by a massive solar flare but failed, but they had stored their repository of knowledge in several vaults linked to a central vault which Desmond must use to stop another similar flare that will occur soon; Desmond recognizes the location in New England. Desmond wakes up from his coma, finding Rebecca, Shaun, and to his surprise, his father William, there. After learning that Lucy died from his stabbing, he informs of the location in New England, the Temple that will save humanity.

Revelations includes many new systems, including additional weapons. Bomb-crafting is now available, allowing the player to create explosive, distraction and tactical bombs, using materials found throughout the world and on Assassin’s Guild missions. As the player progresses through, Ezio can train new recruits to defend “dens” (Assassin HQs) and an upgraded Assassin’s missions section called “Mediterranean Defense” in which the player works to strip control of various cities from Templar hands. The hookblade is also introduced, which can be used in free-running (to travel along zip wires and climb more easily) and in combat (to manipulate enemies). Eagle Vision has been upgraded to Eagle Sense, which allows Ezio to not only see where his enemies and targets are but where they have been and where they are going to be. The multiplayer mode returns in Revelations, this time with more characters, modes, and maps, and through advanced, the player learns more about Abstergo’s history.

Assassin’s Creed III

Desmond and his allies arrive at the Temple entrance in a cave in the New England area on October 31, 2012, and open its door using the Apple, discovering a larger chamber of Precursor technology behind it, including another door requiring a key. Desmond suddenly falls into a fugue state, and is put into the Animus. There, he experiences the memories of a half Mohawk, half British named Ratonhnhaké:ton, later dubbed Connor, who lived through the American Revolution, as well as Connor’s father, Haytham Kenway, who is later revealed as a British agent of the Templars. Kenway had gone to the Colonies in America with a stolen medallion, recruited Templar allies including Charles Lee, and worked to gain the trust of the Mohawk people to get them to show him the location of the Temple, but to his annoyance, the medallion did not open the Temple for him. Connor, as a young boy, witnesses Lee and his troops set fire to his village, killing his mother; years later, he is shown a Piece of Eden, through which Juno speaks to him and instructs him to get training from Master Assassin Achilles Davenport. Achilles takes Connor and teaches him about Assassins and introduces him to Patriots in the Revolution, through which Connor stops several Templar plans to disrupt their efforts including an assassination attempt against George Washington. During these memories, Desmond does recover from the fugue state, and helps his allies to recover power sources to power the Temple scattered about the globe, including one held by Abstergo.

Connor eventually encounters his father, but Kenway offers a cease fire, as he is also after Lee and other Templars for usurping his authority. During their investigation, Kenway warns Connor that the Patriots, worried of the allegiance of the various tribes to the British, are seeking to remove Connor’s people from their lands. Connor eventually hunts Lee down and kills him, taking the medallion and ending the Templar threat. He is despondent to find his tribe’s village abandoned save for the Piece of Eden; through it, Juno tells him to bury the amulet. As December 21 approaches and signs of the solar flare begin to ensue, Desmond and his allies find the buried medallion, and use it at the inner Temple door, behind which is a control sphere. Juno appears and encourages Desmond to touch it, but Minerva appears and warns him to stop it, warning that this will release Juno as an entity that may protect against the solar flare but will be a threat to mankind in the future. Juno counters, explaining that Minerva would rather have most of humanity wiped out, with Desmond safe in the Temple to emerge as a religious figure to lead the survivors but ultimately leading into conflict. Desmond opts to release Juno, and as his body is wracked by energy from the control sphere, an aurora borealis surrounds the Earth and protected from the solar flare. Juno tells the fallen body of Desmond that his work is now done, and now it is time for her to do her work.

Assassin’s Creed III is structured similarly to the previous games, with missions taking place around colonial Boston and New York, and offers a large wilderness area, the Frontier and in the Davenport Homestead, where the player can hunt animals for goods, which then subsequently can be used at the Davenport homestead to construct goods to be traded and sold at the colonies. Naval battles are introduced, where the player must carefully steer a sailing ship in dangerous waters and perform ship-to-ship combat with cannons and mounted guns. In Assassin’s Creed III there are a large assortment of mini missions to play and many different outfits to purchase as you progress through the game.


Third Crusade

  • Assassin’s Creed 2007
  • Assassin’s Creed: Altaïr’s Chronicles 2008
  • Assassin’s Creed: Bloodlines 2009


  • Assassin’s Creed II 2009
  • Assassin’s Creed II: Discovery 2009
  • Assassin’s Creed: Project Legacy 2010
  • Assassin’s Creed: Brotherhood 2010
  • Assassin’s Creed: Revelations 2011
  • Assassin’s Creed: Recollection 2012
  • Assassin’s Creed: Multiplayer Rearmed 2012

American Revolution

  • Assassin’s Creed III 2012
  • Assassin’s Creed III: Liberation 2012


How Many Calories in Mozzarella Cheese

There are 300 calories in Mozzarella Cheese per 100g. Which is 15% of daily recommended allowance (RDA) for women (2000 Calories) and 12% of daily recommended allowance (RDA) for men (2500 Calories).

By the slice or by weight, when made with whole milk fat there are:

  • 85 calories in 1 oz or 28g of mozzarella
  • 170 calories in 2 oz or 57g of mozzarella
  • 298 calories in 3½ or 100g of mozzarella
  • 340 calories in 4 oz or 114g of mozzarella
  • 510 calories in 6 oz or 170g of mozzarella
  • 680 calories in 8 oz or 227g of mozzarella
  • 850 calories in 10 oz or 284g of mozzarella
  • 1020 calories in 12 oz or 340g of mozzarella
  • 1360 calories in 1 pound or 454g of mozzarella
  • 340 in calories in 1 cup (4 oz or 113g) shredded
  • 510 calories in 6 slices ( 6 oz or 170g)
  • 85 calories in 1 slice (which is usually 1 oz or 28g)

Mozzarella is an Italian Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) food product. The term is used for several kinds of Italian cheeses that are made using spinning and then cutting (hence the name, as the Italian verb mozzare means “to cut”):

Mozzarella di Bufala (buffalo mozzarella), made from domesticated water buffalo milk
mozzarella fior di latte, made from fresh pasteurized or unpasteurized cow’s milk
low-moisture mozzarella, which is made from whole or part skimmed milk, and widely used in the food-service industry
mozarella affumicata (smoked mozzarella)
Fresh mozzarella is generally white, but may vary seasonally to slightly yellow depending on the animal’s diet. It is a semi-soft cheese. Due to its high moisture content, it is traditionally served the day it is made, but can be kept in brine for up to a week, or longer when sold in vacuum-sealed packages. Low-moisture mozzarella can be kept refrigerated for up to a month, though some shredded low-moisture mozzarella is sold with a shelf life of up to six months. Mozzarella of several kinds are also used for most types of pizza and several pasta dishes, such as lasagna, or served with sliced tomatoes and basil in insalata caprese.

Mozzarella di bufala campana is a type of mozzarella made from the milk of water buffalo raised in designated areas of Lazio and Campania, Italy. Unlike other mozzarellas—50% of whose production derives from non-Italian and often semi-coagulated milk—it holds the status of a protected designation of origin (PDO 1996) under the European Union.

Fior di latte (written also as one word) designates mozzarella made from cow (and not water buffalo) milk, which greatly lowers its cost. Outside Italy “mozzarella” not clearly labeled as deriving from water buffalo can be presumed to derive from cow milk.

Mozzarella is available fresh or partly dried. Fresh it is usually rolled into a ball of 80 to 100 grams (2.8 to 3.5 oz), or about 6 centimetres (2.4 in) in diameter, sometimes up to 1 kilogram (2.2 lb), or about 12 centimetres (4.7 in) diameter, and soaked in salt water (brine) or whey, sometimes with citric acid added. Partly dried (desiccated) its structure is more compact, and in this form it is often used to prepare dishes cooked in the oven, such as lasagna and pizza.

When twisted to form a plait mozzarella is called treccia. Mozzarella is also available in smoked (affumicata) and reduced-moisture packaged varieties. “Stuffed mozzarella”, a new trend as of 2006, may feature olives or cooked or raw ham, or small tomatoes (pomodorini).

How Many Breeds of Horses Are There

There are approximately 267 breeds of horses and ponies in the world. These fall into four main groups:
“light” horses with small bones, thin legs and weighing less than 1300 pounds; e.g. Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, Morgan horses and Arabians “heavy” or draft horses which can weigh up to 2000 pounds and are strong with large bones and sturdy legs; e.g. Percherons, Draft, Clydesdale and Shire horses ponies which are usually not more than 58 inches tall (14.2 hands and under), making them smaller than a horse; e.g.Shetland, Haflinger, and Caspian ponies feral horses which are wild or semi-wild horses. A mustang is a federal horse.

Types of horse

Horse is not a breed but is simply a term used to describe a group of breeds that are similar in appearance (phenotype) or use. A type usually has no breed registry, and often encompasses several breeds. However, in some nations, particularly in Europe, there is a recording method or means of studbook selection for certain types to allow them to be licensed for breeding. Horses of a given type may be registered as one of several different recognized breeds, or a term may include horses that are of no particular pedigree but meet a certain standard of appearance or use.

  • AQPS
  • Baise horse
  • Baroque horse
  • List of horse breeds
  • Bronco
  • Cayuse (horse)
  • Cob (horse)
  • Colonial Spanish Horse
  • Colt (horse)
  • Courser (horse)
  • Cow pony
  • Destrier
  • Draft horse
  • Feral horse
  • Field hunter
  • Filly
  • Foal
  • Garron
  • Gelding
  • German Warmblood
  • Grade horse
  • Hack (horse)
  • Heavy warmblood
  • Horses in the Middle Ages
  • Iberian horse
  • Jennet
  • American Saddlebred
  • Campolina
  • Icelandic horse
  • Mangalarga Marchador
  • Marwari horse
  • Messara
  • Missouri Fox Trotter
  • Paso Fino
  • Peruvian Paso
  • Racking horse
  • Rocky Mountain Horse
  • Spotted Saddle horse
  • Tennessee Walker
  • Walkaloosa
  • Mare
  • Mountain and moorland pony breeds
  • New Zealand Warmblood Horse Association
  • Oriental horse
  • Packhorse
  • Palfrey
  • Parade horse
  • Part-Arabian
  • Polo pony
  • Purebred
  • Ridgling
  • Riding Pony
  • Rouncey
  • Sport horse
  • Stallion
  • Stock horse
  • Warmblood
  • Weanling
  • Wild horse
  • Windsor Grey
  • User:Wllacer/Iberian Horses(SandBox)
  • Yearling (horse)

Color breeds

  • Buckskin (horse)
  • Palomino
  • Pinto horse
  • White (horse)

List of horse breeds

  • Abaco Barb, see Barb horse
  • Abtenauer
  • Abyssinian horse
  • Aegidienberger
  • Akhal-Teke
  • Albanian horse
  • Altai horse
  • Altèr Real, see Lusitano
  • American Cream Draft
  • American Indian Horse
  • American Paint Horse
  • American Quarter Horse
  • American Saddlebred
  • American Warmblood
  • Andalusian horse some bloodlines also called Pura Raza Española (PRE) or Pure Spanish-bred
  • Andravida horse
  • Anglo-Arabian
  • Anglo-Arabo-Sardo, see Sardinian Anglo-Arab
  • Anglo-Kabarda
  • Appaloosa
  • “Appendix,” see American Quarter Horse
  • AraAppaloosa, also called Ara-Appaloosa, Arappaloosa or Araloosa
  • Arabian horse
  • Ardennes horse, or Ardennais
  • Arenberg-Nordkirchen
  • Argentine Criollo, see Criollo horse
  • Asturcón
  • Australian Brumby, see Brumby
  • Australian Draught Horse
  • Australian Stock Horse
  • Austrian Warmblood
  • Auvergne horse
  • Auxois
  • Avelignese, see Haflinger
  • Azerbaijan horse
  • Azteca horse
  • Baise horse, also known as Guangxi
  • Balearic horse, see Mallorquín and Menorquín
  • Balikun horse
  • Baluchi horse
  • Ban’ei
  • Banker Horse
  • Barb horse
  • Bardigiano
  • Bashkir Curly, see Curly horse
  • Basque Mountain Horse
  • Bavarian Warmblood
  • Belgian (horse)
  • Belgian Warmblood (includes Belgian Half-blood)
  • Black Forest Horse, also called Black Forest cold blood or Schwarzwälder Kaltblut
  • Blazer horse
  • Boulonnais horse
  • Brabant, see Belgian (horse)
  • Brandenburger
  • Brazilian Sport Horse (Brasileiro de Hipismo)
  • Breton horse, or Trait Breton
  • Brumby
  • Budyonny horse or Budenny
  • Burguete horse
  • Byelorussian Harness
  • Calabrese horse
  • Camargue horse
  • Camarillo White Horse
  • Campolina
  • Canadian horse
  • Canadian Pacer
  • Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • Carthusian horse, see Andalusian horse
  • Caspian horse
  • Castilian horse, see Andalusian horse
  • Castillonnais
  • Catria horse
  • Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
  • Chickasaw Horse, see Florida Cracker Horse
  • Chilean horse (also known as Chilean Corralero)
  • Choctaw Horse
  • Cleveland Bay
  • Clydesdale horse
  • Colonial Spanish Horse, see Types of Horse, below
  • Colorado Ranger
  • Coldblood trotter
  • Comtois horse
  • Costa Rican Saddle Horse
  • Cretan horse, see Messara
  • Criollo horse, also spelled Crioulo
  • Cuban Criollo horse
  • Cumberland Island horse
  • Curly Horse
  • Czech warm blood
  • Daliboz, see Azerbaijan horse
  • Danish Warmblood
  • Danube Delta horse
  • Dole Gudbrandsdal, also called Dole, or Dølahest
  • Don, see Russian Don
  • Draft Trotter, also called Light Dole, Dole Trotter, see Coldblood trotter
  • Dutch harness horse
  • Dutch Heavy Draft
  • Dutch Warmblood
  • East Bulgarian
  • East Friesian horse, see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Estonian Draft
  • Estonian horse
  • Falabella
  • Faroese or Faroe horse, see Faroe pony in pony section
  • Finnhorse, or Finnish Horse
  • Fleuve, see Fouta
  • Fjord horse also called Norwegian Fjord Horse
  • Florida Cracker Horse
  • Fouta or Foutanké
  • Frederiksborg horse
  • Freiberger
  • French Trotter
  • Friesian cross (includes Friesian Sport Horses)
  • Friesian horse
  • Friesian Sporthorse (a type of Friesian cross)
  • Furioso-North Star
  • Galiceno or Galiceño
  • Galician Pony (Caballo de pura raza Gallega)
  • Gelderland horse
  • Georgian Grande Horse
  • German Warmblood or ZfDP, see Types section, below
  • Giara Horse
  • Gidran
  • Groningen Horse
  • Gypsy Vanner horse, sometimes called “Gypsy Horse,” “Vanner Horse,” “Gypsy Cob” or “Coloured Cob”
  • Hackney horse
  • Haflinger
  • Hanoverian horse
  • Heck horse
  • Heihe horse
  • Hirzai
  • Hispano-Bretón
  • Hispano-Árabe also known as Hispano or Spanish Anglo-Arab
  • Holsteiner horse
  • Hungarian Warmblood
  • Icelandic horse
  • Indian Half-Bred
  • Iomud
  • Irish Draught, also spelled Irish Draft
  • Irish Sport Horse sometimes called Irish Hunter
  • Italian Heavy Draft
  • Italian Trotter
  • Jaca Navarra
  • Jutland horse
  • Kabarda horse, also known as Kabardian or Kabardin
  • Kaimanawa horses
  • Karabair
  • Karabakh horse also known as Azer At
  • Karossier see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Kathiawari
  • Kazakh Horse
  • Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
  • Kiger Mustang
  • Kinsky horse
  • Kisber Felver
  • Kladruber
  • Knabstrupper
  • Konik
  • Kustanair
  • Latvian horse
  • Lipizzan or Lipizzaner
  • Lithuanian Heavy Draught
  • Lokai
  • Losino horse
  • Lusitano
  • Lyngshest, see Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
  • M’Bayar, see Fouta
  • Malopolski
  • Mallorquín
  • Mangalarga
  • Mangalarga Marchador
  • Maremmano
  • Marismeño horse
  • Marsh Tacky, see Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • Marwari horse
  • Mecklenburger
  • Menorquín
  • Mérens horse
  • Messara
  • Mezőhegyesi sport-horse (sportló), or
  • Mezőhegyes felver, see Hungarian Warmblood
  • Metis Trotter, see Russian Trotter
  • Miniature horse
  • Misaki, see pony section
  • Missouri Fox Trotter
  • Monchina
  • Mongolian Horse
  • Monterufolino
  • Morab
  • Morgan horse
  • Moyle horse
  • Murakoz horse, Muräkozi, or Muraközi ló (Hungary)
  • Murgese
  • Mustang horse
  • Namib Desert Horse
  • Nangchen horse
  • National Show Horse
  • Nez Perce Horse
  • Nivernais horse
  • Nokota horse
  • Noma, see Noma pony, in Pony section
  • Nonius horse
  • Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
  • Noriker horse, also called Pinzgauer
  • Norman Cob
  • Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
  • North Swedish Horse
  • Norwegian Fjord, see Fjord horse
  • Novokirghiz
  • Oberlander Horse
  • Oldenburg horse, also spelled Oldenburgh, Oldenburger
  • Orlov trotter
  • Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Paint, see American Paint Horse
  • Pampa horse
  • Paso Fino
  • Pentro horse
  • Percheron
  • Persano horse
  • Peruvian Paso, sometimes called Peruvian Stepping Horse
  • Pintabian
  • Pleven horse
  • Poitevin horse also called Mulassier
  • Pottok, see pony section
  • Pryor Mountain Mustang
  • Przewalski’s Horse, also known as Takhi, Mongolian Wild Horse or Asian Wild Horse. (Species, not a “breed” but listed here for convenience)
  • Purosangue Orientale
  • Qatgani
  • Quarab
  • Quarter Horse, see American Quarter Horse
  • Racking horse
  • Retuerta horse
  • Rhenish-German Cold-Blood also known as Rhineland
  • Heavy Draft
  • Rhinelander horse
  • Riwoche horse
  • Rocky Mountain Horse
  • Romanian Sporthorse
  • Rottaler, see Heavy warmblood
  • Russian Don
  • Russian Heavy Draft
  • Russian Trotter
  • Saddlebred, see American Saddlebred
  • Salerno horse
  • Samolaco horse
  • San Fratello horse
  • Sarcidano horse
  • Sardinian Anglo-Arab, also known as Sardinian Horse
  • Schleswig horse
  • Sella Italiano
  • Selle Français
  • Shagya Arabian
  • Shire horse
  • Siciliano indigeno
  • Silesian horse
  • Sorraia
  • Sokolsky horse
  • Soviet Heavy Draft
  • Spanish Barb see Barb horse
  • Spanish Jennet Horse, modern, not to be confused with the historic Jennet or Spanish Jennet (see Archaic types, below)
  • Spanish Mustang
  • Spanish-Norman horse
  • Spanish Tarpan, see Sorraia
  • Spotted Saddle horse
  • Standardbred horse
  • Suffolk Punch
  • Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
  • Swedish Ardennes
  • Swedish Warmblood
  • Swiss Warmblood
  • Taishuh
  • Tawleed
  • Tchernomor, see Budyonny horse
  • Tennessee Walking Horse
  • Tersk horse
  • Thoroughbred
  • Tinker horse, see Gypsy Vanner horse
  • Tiger Horse
  • Tolfetano
  • Tori horse
  • Trait Du Nord
  • Trakehner
  • Tuigpaard, see Dutch harness horse
  • Ukrainian Riding Horse
  • Unmol Horse
  • Uzunyayla
  • Ventasso horse (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
  • Virginia highlander
  • Vlaamperd
  • Vladimir Heavy Draft
  • Vyatka, see pony section
  • Waler horse, also known as Waler or Australian
  • Waler
  • Walkaloosa
  • Warmblood, see “Types of horse” below, or
  • individual warmblood breed articles
  • Warlander
  • Welsh Cob (Section D), see Welsh pony
  • Westphalian horse
  • Wielkopolski
  • Württemberger or Württemberg
  • Xilingol horse
  • Yakutian horse
  • Yili horse
  • Yonaguni horse
  • Zweibrücker
  • Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka, Zhumd,
  • Zhemaichu, or Zhmudk, see Pony section.

Pony breeds

  • American Shetland, see Shetland pony
  • American Walking Pony
  • Anadolu pony also called Anadolu Ati
  • Ariegeois Pony see Mérens horse in horse section
  • Assateague Pony, see Chincoteague Pony
  • Asturian pony, see Asturcon in horse section
  • Australian Pony
  • Australian Riding Pony
  • Bali Pony
  • Bashkir Pony
  • Basque Pony, see Pottok
  • Basuto pony, also spelled Basotho pony
  • Batak Pony
  • Bhutia Pony, also Bhotia, Bhote ghoda, Bhutan, Bhutani, Bhutua see Indian Country Bred
  • Boer Pony
  • Bosnian Pony
  • British Riding Pony, see Riding Pony in “types of horse” section
  • British Spotted Pony
  • Burmese Pony
  • Carpathian Pony, see Hucul Pony
  • Canadian rustic pony
  • Caspian pony, see Caspian horse
  • Chincoteague Pony
  • Chinese Guoxia
  • Coffin Bay Pony
  • Connemara pony
  • Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
  • Dales Pony
  • Danish Sport Pony
  • Dartmoor pony
  • Deli pony
  • Deutsches Reitpony see German Riding Pony
  • Dülmen Pony
  • Eriskay pony
  • Esperia Pony
  • Exmoor pony
  • Falabella, see Falabella in horse section
  • Faroe pony
  • Fell Pony
  • Flores pony, see Timor Pony
  • French Saddle Pony
  • Galician Pony
  • Garrano
  • Gayoe
  • German Riding Pony, also called Deutsche Reitpony or Weser-Ems Pony
  • Gotland Pony
  • Guizhou pony
  • Guangxi, see Baise horse
  • Gǔo-xìa pony, see Chinese Guoxia
  • Hackney pony
  • Highland Pony, see also Garron
  • Hokkaido Pony
  • Hucul Pony, also called Huţul Pony
  • Hunter Pony, see “types of horse” section
  • Icelandic pony, see Icelandic horse in horse section
  • Indian Country Bred
  • Java Pony
  • Kerry bog pony
  • Landais Pony
  • Lijiang pony
  • Lundy Pony
  • Manipuri Pony
  • Merens Pony, see Ariegeois pony
  • Miniature horse, see horse section
  • Misaki
  • Miyako Pony
  • Narym Pony
  • New Forest Pony
  • Newfoundland pony
  • Noma pony
  • Nooitgedacht pony
  • Northlands Pony, see Nordlandshest in the horse section
  • Ob pony also called Priob pony
  • Peneia Pony
  • Petiso Argentino
  • Pindos Pony
  • Poney Mousseye
  • Pony of the Americas
  • Pottok
  • Quarter pony
  • Riding Pony, see “types of horses” section
  • Sable Island Pony
  • Sandalwood Pony
  • Sardinian Pony, see Sardinian horse
  • Shetland pony
  • Skogsruss, see Gotland Pony
  • Skyros Pony
  • Spiti Pony, see Indian Country Bred
  • Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
  • Tibetan Pony
  • Timor Pony
  • Tokara Pony
  • Virginia highlander, see horse section
  • Vyatka horse
  • Welara
  • Welsh pony
  • Welsh mountain pony (Section A), see Welsh Pony
  • Welsh pony (Section B), see Welsh Pony
  • Welsh pony of cob type (Section C), see Welsh Pony
  • Western Sudan pony
  • Yakut Pony, see Yakutian horse
  • Yonaguni, see horse section
  • Zaniskari pony
  • Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka, Zhumd, Zhemaichu, or Zhmudka

How Many Joints in The Human Body

There are 360 joints in the human body. There are 86 skull joints, six throat joints, 66 thorax joints and 76 in your spine and pelvis. Also there are 32 in each upper limb and 31 in each lower limb. Two bones in our body meet to form a joint. Joints make our body flexible and to make movements. There are many different kinds of joints located in different parts of the body and responsible for different actions. These joints are Saddle joint, Pivot joint, Hinge joint, Fixed joint, Ellipsoidal joint, Ball and socket joint, Gliding joint, slightly movable joint and Spine joints.

Types of Joint

A joint is the point where two or more bones meet. There are three main types of joints; Fibrous (immoveable), Cartilagenous (partially moveable) and the Synovial (freely moveable) joint.

Fibrous joints

Fibrous (synarthrodial): This type of joint is held together by only a ligament. Examples are where the teeth are held to their bony sockets and at both the radioulnar and tibiofibular joints. Fibrous joints connect bones without allowing any movement. The bones of your skull and pelvis are held together by fibrous joints.The union of the spinous processes and vertebrae are fibrous joints.


Cartilagenous (synchondroses and sympheses): These joints occur where the connection between the articulating bones is made up of cartilage for example between vertebrae in the spine. Synchondroses are temporary joints which are only present in children, up until the end of puberty. For example the epiphyseal plates in long bones. Symphesis joints are permanant cartilagenous joints, for example the pubic symphesis. Cartilaginous joints are joints in which the bones are attached bycartilage. These joints allow for only a little movement, such as inthe spine or ribs.

Synovial Joints

Synovial (diarthrosis): Synovial joints are by far the most common classification of joint within the human body. They are highly moveable and all have a synovial capsule (collagenous structure) surrounding the entire joint, a synovial membrane (the inner layer of the capsule) which secretes synovial fluid (a lubricating liquid) and cartilage known as hyaline cartilage which pads the ends of the articulating bones. There are 6 types of synovial joints which are classified by the shape of the joint and the movement available. Synovial joints allow for much more movement than cartilaginous joints. Cavaties between bones in synovial joints are filled withsynovial fluid. This fluid helps lubricate and protect the bones.Bursa sacks contain* the synovial fluid.HingeA hinge joint allows extension and retraction of an apendage.

Types of Synovial Joint

  • Hinge (Flexion/Extension) – A hinge joint allows extension and retraction of an apendage.
  • Pivot (Rotation of one bone around another) – Pivot joints allow rotation arround an axis. The neck and forearmshave pivot joints. In the neck the occipital bone spins over the topof the axis. In theforearmsthe radius and ulna twist arround eachother.
  • Ball and Socket (Flexion/Extension/Adduction/Abduction/Internal & External Rotation) – A ball and socket joint allows for radial movement in almost anydirection. They are found in the hips and shoulders.
  • Saddle (Flexion/Extension/Adduction/Abduction/Circumduction) – A saddle joint allows movement back and forth and up and down, bot does not allow for rotation like a ball and socket joint.
  • Condyloid (Flexion/Extension/Adduction/Abduction/Circumduction)
  • Gliding (Gliding movements) – In a gliding or plane joint bones slide past each other. Midcarpaland midtarsal joints are gliding joints.
  • Ellipsoid – Ellipsoid joints are similar to a ball and socket joint. They allowthe same type of movment to a lesser magnitude. The wrist is anellipsoid joint.