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How Many Breeds of Horses Are There


There are approximately 267 breeds of horses and ponies in the world. These fall into four main groups:
“light” horses with small bones, thin legs and weighing less than 1300 pounds; e.g. Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, Morgan horses and Arabians “heavy” or draft horses which can weigh up to 2000 pounds and are strong with large bones and sturdy legs; e.g. Percherons, Draft, Clydesdale and Shire horses ponies which are usually not more than 58 inches tall (14.2 hands and under), making them smaller than a horse; e.g.Shetland, Haflinger, and Caspian ponies feral horses which are wild or semi-wild horses. A mustang is a federal horse.

Types of horse

Horse is not a breed but is simply a term used to describe a group of breeds that are similar in appearance (phenotype) or use. A type usually has no breed registry, and often encompasses several breeds. However, in some nations, particularly in Europe, there is a recording method or means of studbook selection for certain types to allow them to be licensed for breeding. Horses of a given type may be registered as one of several different recognized breeds, or a term may include horses that are of no particular pedigree but meet a certain standard of appearance or use.

  • AQPS
  • Baise horse
  • Baroque horse
  • List of horse breeds
  • Bronco
  • Cayuse (horse)
  • Cob (horse)
  • Colonial Spanish Horse
  • Colt (horse)
  • Courser (horse)
  • Cow pony
  • Destrier
  • Draft horse
  • Feral horse
  • Field hunter
  • Filly
  • Foal
  • Garron
  • Gelding
  • German Warmblood
  • Grade horse
  • Hack (horse)
  • Heavy warmblood
  • Horses in the Middle Ages
  • Iberian horse
  • Jennet
  • American Saddlebred
  • Campolina
  • Icelandic horse
  • Mangalarga Marchador
  • Marwari horse
  • Messara
  • Missouri Fox Trotter
  • Paso Fino
  • Peruvian Paso
  • Racking horse
  • Rocky Mountain Horse
  • Spotted Saddle horse
  • Tennessee Walker
  • Walkaloosa
  • Mare
  • Mountain and moorland pony breeds
  • New Zealand Warmblood Horse Association
  • Oriental horse
  • Packhorse
  • Palfrey
  • Parade horse
  • Part-Arabian
  • Polo pony
  • Purebred
  • Ridgling
  • Riding Pony
  • Rouncey
  • Sport horse
  • Stallion
  • Stock horse
  • Warmblood
  • Weanling
  • Wild horse
  • Windsor Grey
  • User:Wllacer/Iberian Horses(SandBox)
  • Yearling (horse)

Color breeds

  • Buckskin (horse)
  • Palomino
  • Pinto horse
  • White (horse)

List of horse breeds

  • Abaco Barb, see Barb horse
  • Abtenauer
  • Abyssinian horse
  • Aegidienberger
  • Akhal-Teke
  • Albanian horse
  • Altai horse
  • Altèr Real, see Lusitano
  • American Cream Draft
  • American Indian Horse
  • American Paint Horse
  • American Quarter Horse
  • American Saddlebred
  • American Warmblood
  • Andalusian horse some bloodlines also called Pura Raza Española (PRE) or Pure Spanish-bred
  • Andravida horse
  • Anglo-Arabian
  • Anglo-Arabo-Sardo, see Sardinian Anglo-Arab
  • Anglo-Kabarda
  • Appaloosa
  • “Appendix,” see American Quarter Horse
  • AraAppaloosa, also called Ara-Appaloosa, Arappaloosa or Araloosa
  • Arabian horse
  • Ardennes horse, or Ardennais
  • Arenberg-Nordkirchen
  • Argentine Criollo, see Criollo horse
  • Asturcón
  • Australian Brumby, see Brumby
  • Australian Draught Horse
  • Australian Stock Horse
  • Austrian Warmblood
  • Auvergne horse
  • Auxois
  • Avelignese, see Haflinger
  • Azerbaijan horse
  • Azteca horse
  • Baise horse, also known as Guangxi
  • Balearic horse, see Mallorquín and Menorquín
  • Balikun horse
  • Baluchi horse
  • Ban’ei
  • Banker Horse
  • Barb horse
  • Bardigiano
  • Bashkir Curly, see Curly horse
  • Basque Mountain Horse
  • Bavarian Warmblood
  • Belgian (horse)
  • Belgian Warmblood (includes Belgian Half-blood)
  • Black Forest Horse, also called Black Forest cold blood or Schwarzwälder Kaltblut
  • Blazer horse
  • Boulonnais horse
  • Brabant, see Belgian (horse)
  • Brandenburger
  • Brazilian Sport Horse (Brasileiro de Hipismo)
  • Breton horse, or Trait Breton
  • Brumby
  • Budyonny horse or Budenny
  • Burguete horse
  • Byelorussian Harness
  • Calabrese horse
  • Camargue horse
  • Camarillo White Horse
  • Campolina
  • Canadian horse
  • Canadian Pacer
  • Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • Carthusian horse, see Andalusian horse
  • Caspian horse
  • Castilian horse, see Andalusian horse
  • Castillonnais
  • Catria horse
  • Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
  • Chickasaw Horse, see Florida Cracker Horse
  • Chilean horse (also known as Chilean Corralero)
  • Choctaw Horse
  • Cleveland Bay
  • Clydesdale horse
  • Colonial Spanish Horse, see Types of Horse, below
  • Colorado Ranger
  • Coldblood trotter
  • Comtois horse
  • Costa Rican Saddle Horse
  • Cretan horse, see Messara
  • Criollo horse, also spelled Crioulo
  • Cuban Criollo horse
  • Cumberland Island horse
  • Curly Horse
  • Czech warm blood
  • Daliboz, see Azerbaijan horse
  • Danish Warmblood
  • Danube Delta horse
  • Dole Gudbrandsdal, also called Dole, or Dølahest
  • Don, see Russian Don
  • Draft Trotter, also called Light Dole, Dole Trotter, see Coldblood trotter
  • Dutch harness horse
  • Dutch Heavy Draft
  • Dutch Warmblood
  • East Bulgarian
  • East Friesian horse, see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Estonian Draft
  • Estonian horse
  • Falabella
  • Faroese or Faroe horse, see Faroe pony in pony section
  • Finnhorse, or Finnish Horse
  • Fleuve, see Fouta
  • Fjord horse also called Norwegian Fjord Horse
  • Florida Cracker Horse
  • Fouta or Foutanké
  • Frederiksborg horse
  • Freiberger
  • French Trotter
  • Friesian cross (includes Friesian Sport Horses)
  • Friesian horse
  • Friesian Sporthorse (a type of Friesian cross)
  • Furioso-North Star
  • Galiceno or Galiceño
  • Galician Pony (Caballo de pura raza Gallega)
  • Gelderland horse
  • Georgian Grande Horse
  • German Warmblood or ZfDP, see Types section, below
  • Giara Horse
  • Gidran
  • Groningen Horse
  • Gypsy Vanner horse, sometimes called “Gypsy Horse,” “Vanner Horse,” “Gypsy Cob” or “Coloured Cob”
  • Hackney horse
  • Haflinger
  • Hanoverian horse
  • Heck horse
  • Heihe horse
  • Hirzai
  • Hispano-Bretón
  • Hispano-Árabe also known as Hispano or Spanish Anglo-Arab
  • Holsteiner horse
  • Hungarian Warmblood
  • Icelandic horse
  • Indian Half-Bred
  • Iomud
  • Irish Draught, also spelled Irish Draft
  • Irish Sport Horse sometimes called Irish Hunter
  • Italian Heavy Draft
  • Italian Trotter
  • Jaca Navarra
  • Jutland horse
  • Kabarda horse, also known as Kabardian or Kabardin
  • Kaimanawa horses
  • Karabair
  • Karabakh horse also known as Azer At
  • Karossier see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Kathiawari
  • Kazakh Horse
  • Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
  • Kiger Mustang
  • Kinsky horse
  • Kisber Felver
  • Kladruber
  • Knabstrupper
  • Konik
  • Kustanair
  • Latvian horse
  • Lipizzan or Lipizzaner
  • Lithuanian Heavy Draught
  • Lokai
  • Losino horse
  • Lusitano
  • Lyngshest, see Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
  • M’Bayar, see Fouta
  • Malopolski
  • Mallorquín
  • Mangalarga
  • Mangalarga Marchador
  • Maremmano
  • Marismeño horse
  • Marsh Tacky, see Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • Marwari horse
  • Mecklenburger
  • Menorquín
  • Mérens horse
  • Messara
  • Mezőhegyesi sport-horse (sportló), or
  • Mezőhegyes felver, see Hungarian Warmblood
  • Metis Trotter, see Russian Trotter
  • Miniature horse
  • Misaki, see pony section
  • Missouri Fox Trotter
  • Monchina
  • Mongolian Horse
  • Monterufolino
  • Morab
  • Morgan horse
  • Moyle horse
  • Murakoz horse, Muräkozi, or Muraközi ló (Hungary)
  • Murgese
  • Mustang horse
  • Namib Desert Horse
  • Nangchen horse
  • National Show Horse
  • Nez Perce Horse
  • Nivernais horse
  • Nokota horse
  • Noma, see Noma pony, in Pony section
  • Nonius horse
  • Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
  • Noriker horse, also called Pinzgauer
  • Norman Cob
  • Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
  • North Swedish Horse
  • Norwegian Fjord, see Fjord horse
  • Novokirghiz
  • Oberlander Horse
  • Oldenburg horse, also spelled Oldenburgh, Oldenburger
  • Orlov trotter
  • Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Paint, see American Paint Horse
  • Pampa horse
  • Paso Fino
  • Pentro horse
  • Percheron
  • Persano horse
  • Peruvian Paso, sometimes called Peruvian Stepping Horse
  • Pintabian
  • Pleven horse
  • Poitevin horse also called Mulassier
  • Pottok, see pony section
  • Pryor Mountain Mustang
  • Przewalski’s Horse, also known as Takhi, Mongolian Wild Horse or Asian Wild Horse. (Species, not a “breed” but listed here for convenience)
  • Purosangue Orientale
  • Qatgani
  • Quarab
  • Quarter Horse, see American Quarter Horse
  • Racking horse
  • Retuerta horse
  • Rhenish-German Cold-Blood also known as Rhineland
  • Heavy Draft
  • Rhinelander horse
  • Riwoche horse
  • Rocky Mountain Horse
  • Romanian Sporthorse
  • Rottaler, see Heavy warmblood
  • Russian Don
  • Russian Heavy Draft
  • Russian Trotter
  • Saddlebred, see American Saddlebred
  • Salerno horse
  • Samolaco horse
  • San Fratello horse
  • Sarcidano horse
  • Sardinian Anglo-Arab, also known as Sardinian Horse
  • Schleswig horse
  • Sella Italiano
  • Selle Français
  • Shagya Arabian
  • Shire horse
  • Siciliano indigeno
  • Silesian horse
  • Sorraia
  • Sokolsky horse
  • Soviet Heavy Draft
  • Spanish Barb see Barb horse
  • Spanish Jennet Horse, modern, not to be confused with the historic Jennet or Spanish Jennet (see Archaic types, below)
  • Spanish Mustang
  • Spanish-Norman horse
  • Spanish Tarpan, see Sorraia
  • Spotted Saddle horse
  • Standardbred horse
  • Suffolk Punch
  • Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
  • Swedish Ardennes
  • Swedish Warmblood
  • Swiss Warmblood
  • Taishuh
  • Tawleed
  • Tchernomor, see Budyonny horse
  • Tennessee Walking Horse
  • Tersk horse
  • Thoroughbred
  • Tinker horse, see Gypsy Vanner horse
  • Tiger Horse
  • Tolfetano
  • Tori horse
  • Trait Du Nord
  • Trakehner
  • Tuigpaard, see Dutch harness horse
  • Ukrainian Riding Horse
  • Unmol Horse
  • Uzunyayla
  • Ventasso horse (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
  • Virginia highlander
  • Vlaamperd
  • Vladimir Heavy Draft
  • Vyatka, see pony section
  • Waler horse, also known as Waler or Australian
  • Waler
  • Walkaloosa
  • Warmblood, see “Types of horse” below, or
  • individual warmblood breed articles
  • Warlander
  • Welsh Cob (Section D), see Welsh pony
  • Westphalian horse
  • Wielkopolski
  • Württemberger or Württemberg
  • Xilingol horse
  • Yakutian horse
  • Yili horse
  • Yonaguni horse
  • Zweibrücker
  • Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka, Zhumd,
  • Zhemaichu, or Zhmudk, see Pony section.

Pony breeds

  • American Shetland, see Shetland pony
  • American Walking Pony
  • Anadolu pony also called Anadolu Ati
  • Ariegeois Pony see Mérens horse in horse section
  • Assateague Pony, see Chincoteague Pony
  • Asturian pony, see Asturcon in horse section
  • Australian Pony
  • Australian Riding Pony
  • Bali Pony
  • Bashkir Pony
  • Basque Pony, see Pottok
  • Basuto pony, also spelled Basotho pony
  • Batak Pony
  • Bhutia Pony, also Bhotia, Bhote ghoda, Bhutan, Bhutani, Bhutua see Indian Country Bred
  • Boer Pony
  • Bosnian Pony
  • British Riding Pony, see Riding Pony in “types of horse” section
  • British Spotted Pony
  • Burmese Pony
  • Carpathian Pony, see Hucul Pony
  • Canadian rustic pony
  • Caspian pony, see Caspian horse
  • Chincoteague Pony
  • Chinese Guoxia
  • Coffin Bay Pony
  • Connemara pony
  • Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
  • Dales Pony
  • Danish Sport Pony
  • Dartmoor pony
  • Deli pony
  • Deutsches Reitpony see German Riding Pony
  • Dülmen Pony
  • Eriskay pony
  • Esperia Pony
  • Exmoor pony
  • Falabella, see Falabella in horse section
  • Faroe pony
  • Fell Pony
  • Flores pony, see Timor Pony
  • French Saddle Pony
  • Galician Pony
  • Garrano
  • Gayoe
  • German Riding Pony, also called Deutsche Reitpony or Weser-Ems Pony
  • Gotland Pony
  • Guizhou pony
  • Guangxi, see Baise horse
  • Gǔo-xìa pony, see Chinese Guoxia
  • Hackney pony
  • Highland Pony, see also Garron
  • Hokkaido Pony
  • Hucul Pony, also called Huţul Pony
  • Hunter Pony, see “types of horse” section
  • Icelandic pony, see Icelandic horse in horse section
  • Indian Country Bred
  • Java Pony
  • Kerry bog pony
  • Landais Pony
  • Lijiang pony
  • Lundy Pony
  • Manipuri Pony
  • Merens Pony, see Ariegeois pony
  • Miniature horse, see horse section
  • Misaki
  • Miyako Pony
  • Narym Pony
  • New Forest Pony
  • Newfoundland pony
  • Noma pony
  • Nooitgedacht pony
  • Northlands Pony, see Nordlandshest in the horse section
  • Ob pony also called Priob pony
  • Peneia Pony
  • Petiso Argentino
  • Pindos Pony
  • Poney Mousseye
  • Pony of the Americas
  • Pottok
  • Quarter pony
  • Riding Pony, see “types of horses” section
  • Sable Island Pony
  • Sandalwood Pony
  • Sardinian Pony, see Sardinian horse
  • Shetland pony
  • Skogsruss, see Gotland Pony
  • Skyros Pony
  • Spiti Pony, see Indian Country Bred
  • Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
  • Tibetan Pony
  • Timor Pony
  • Tokara Pony
  • Virginia highlander, see horse section
  • Vyatka horse
  • Welara
  • Welsh pony
  • Welsh mountain pony (Section A), see Welsh Pony
  • Welsh pony (Section B), see Welsh Pony
  • Welsh pony of cob type (Section C), see Welsh Pony
  • Western Sudan pony
  • Yakut Pony, see Yakutian horse
  • Yonaguni, see horse section
  • Zaniskari pony
  • Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka, Zhumd, Zhemaichu, or Zhmudka


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