Blood Components : How Many Blood Types Are There

There are 8 different blood types (A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+, AB-) and four blood components. The most well known and medically important blood types are in the ABO  group.  They were discovered in 1900 and 1901 at the University of  Vienna by Karl  Landsteiner in the process of trying to learn why blood transfusions sometimes cause death and at other times save a patient.  In 1930, he belatedly received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of blood types.

Blood Components Of  ABO Blood Types

All humans and many other primates can be typed for the ABO blood group. In general there are four principal types: A, B, AB, and O.  There are two antigens and two antibodies that are mostly responsible for the ABO types.  The specific combination of these four components  determines an Individual’s type in most cases. The table below shows the possible permutations of antigens and antibodies with the corresponding ABO type (“yes” indicates the presence of a component and “no” indicates its absence in the blood of an individual).

ABO
Blood Type
Antigen
A
Antigen
B
  Antibody
anti-A
  Antibody
Anti-B
A yes no no yes
B no yes yes no
O no no yes yes
AB yes yes no no

blood components

Blood  Types

 

  1. A+
  2. A-
  3. B+
  4. B-
  5. O+
  6. O-
  7. AB+
  8. AB-

 

Blood type A

  • Basically type A blood is common but it is in constant demand and more is always needed.
  • By giving blood regularly you can help other As and also people with AB blood types.

Blood type B

  • Although type B is one of the rarest blood types, B type blood donors are always needed, particularly for plasma donations.
  • By giving plasma regularly, as a result you can help people with B and O blood types.

Blood type O

  • As type O blood is the most common, it is in constant demand and more is always needed.
  • By giving blood regularly you can help other Os and also people with AB, A and B blood types.

Blood type AB

  • Even though type AB is the rarest blood type, type AB plasma blood components can help people with any blood type. So, more type AB plasma donors are always needed.
  • By giving plasma regularly you can help people with AB, O, B and A blood types.

ABO and Rh distribution by country

ABO and Rh blood type distribution by nation (population averages)

Country Population O+ A+ B+ AB+ O- A- B- AB-
Australia 22,015,576 40% 31% 8% 2% 9% 7% 2% 1%
Austria 8,219,743 30% 37% 12% 5% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Belgium 10,438,353 37% 38% 7% 2.5% 7% 7% 1% 0.5%
Brazil 198,739,269 36% 34% 8% 2.5% 9% 8% 2% 0.5%
Canada 33,487,208 39% 36% 7.6% 2.5% 7% 6% 1.4% 0.5%
Denmark 5,500,510 35% 37% 8% 4% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Estonia 1,299,371 30% 31% 20% 6% 4.5% 4.5% 3% 1%
Finland 5,250,275 27% 38% 15% 7% 4% 6% 2% 1%
France 62,150,775 36% 37% 9% 3% 6% 7% 1% 1%
Germany 82,329,758 35% 37% 9% 4% 6% 6% 2% 1%
Hong Kong 7,055,071 40% 26% 27% 7% 0.31% 0.19% 0.14% 0.05%
Hungary 10,198,315 31% 38% 18.8% 12.2%
Iceland 306,694 47.6% 26.4% 9.3% 1.6% 8.4% 4.6% 1.7% 0.4%
India 1,166,079,217 36.5% 22.1% 30.9% 6.4% 2.0% 0.8% 1.1% 0.2%
Ireland 4,203,200 47% 26% 9% 2% 8% 5% 2% 1%
Israel 7,233,701 32% 34% 17% 7% 3% 4% 2% 1%
Italy 60,742,397 40% 36% 7.5% 2.5% 7% 6% 1.5% 0.5%
Japan 127,799,000 29.9% 39.8% 19.9% 9.9% 0.15% 0.2% 0.1% 0.05%
Netherlands 16,715,999 39.5% 35% 6.7% 2.5% 7.5% 7% 1.3% 0.5%
New Zealand 4,213,418 38% 32% 9% 3% 9% 6% 2% 1%
Norway 5,000,000 34% 40.8% 6.8% 3.4% 6% 7.2% 1.2% 0.6%
Poland 38,482,919 31% 32% 15% 7% 6% 6% 2% 1%
Portugal 10,707,924 36.2% 39.8% 6.6% 2.9% 6.0% 6.6% 1.1% 0.5%
Saudi Arabia 28,686,633 48% 24% 17% 4% 4% 2% 1% 0.23%
South Africa 49,320,000 39% 32% 12% 3% 7% 5% 2% 1%
Spain 48,125,002 36% 34% 8% 2.5% 9% 8% 2% 0.5%
Sweden 9,433,875 32% 37% 10% 5% 6% 7% 2% 1%
Taiwan 24,000,000 43.9% 25.9% 23.9% 6.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.01% 0.02%
Turkey 76,805,524 29.8% 37.8% 14.2% 7.2% 3.9% 4.7% 1.6% 0.8%
United Kingdom 61,113,205 37% 35% 8% 3% 7% 7% 2% 1%
Ukraine 45,706,120 ~40% ~10%
United States 307,212,123 37.4% 35.7% 8.5% 3.4% 6.6% 6.3% 1.5% 0.6%
Population-weighted mean (total population = 2,261,025,244) 36.44% 28.27% 20.59% 5.06% 4.33% 3.52% 1.39% 0.45%

Third Crusade : How many Assassin’s Creed Games Are There

As of now (January 2013) there are 5 main Assassin’s Creed games.

Main series

Assassin’s Creed

Crusade

Desmond is captured by Abstergo and forced to use the Animus to explore Altaïr ibn-La’Ahad’s memories during the time of the Third Crusade. Desmond begins to witness events after Altaïr breaks all three tenets of the Assassin Brotherhood while attempting to stop Robert de Sablé from taking a Piece of Eden. Al Mualim, the Brotherhood’s leader, demotes Altaïr to Novice and tasks him with assassinating the nine Knights Templars, including de Sablé, to regain his former status.

Altaïr’s quest eventually leads him to face de Sablé in the presence of King Richard I of England warning the King of de Sablé plot to kill him. Altaïr defeats de Sablé, but with his last words, de Sablé reveals that there were ten Templars, the last being Al Mualim, who now holds the Piece of Eden. Altaïr returns to face Al Mualim, struggling to fight through the illusions created by the Piece, but eventually kills Al Mualim. When Altaïr recovers the piece, he – and those watching the Animus – witness a holographic map showing locations across the globe where other artifacts are located. Desmond is pulled from the Animus, and his life is spared by Lucy Stillman, an Assassin working as a mole within Abstergo, under the guise of keeping Desmond alive until all the pieces are recovered. He comes to learn that a former test subject had left messages only Desmond can see, foretelling of the end of the world in 2012.

The first Assassin’s Creed introduced elements that would remain cornerstones of the rest of the series. The game attempts to create historical versions of Masyaf (the Brotherhood’s location), Jerusalem, Acre and Damascus, and incorporates a number of documented historical figures into the story. The virtualized Animus system, free running, climbing, stealth, and parkour elements were all present in this title, as well as the initial formulation of the combat system. The player would have to complete a number of side quests before they would be able to obtain an assassin quest from a local Brotherhood guidemaster in each city, though future games would abandon this prerequisite.

Assassin’s Creed II

Lucy returns and breaks Desmond out of Abstergo, taking him to an Assassin safehouse and introduced to Shaun, a historian, and Rebecca, their technical support. Using an improved version of the Animus, Desmond takes witness to Ezio Auditore da Firenze, a young nobleman from the late 15th Century in Florence, shortly before the execution of Ezio’s father and brothers by order of a corrupt official working for the Templars. He and his sisters take to hiding at the Monteriggioni villa owned by his uncle Mario, who helps to train Ezio in the ways of an Assassin. Ezio and Mario discover that Rodrigo Borgia is the figurehead of a number of Templars all who were accomplices in the execution of his family, and with help of allies like Leonardo da Vinci, methodically assassinate the lower-ranked Templars, while learning that Borgia has acquired a Piece of Eden called the Apple. Eventually, Ezio corners Borgia, who hands over the Piece and flees; Ezio is inducted into the ranks of the Brotherhood and believed to be a prophet based on their codex. A decade later, the Brotherhood learns that Borgia has since become Pope Alexander VI, using the Church’s influence to strengthen the Templars. Ezio invades Vatican City and confronts Borgia, discovering that the Papal staff is also a Piece of Eden. Defeating Borgia but sparing his life, Ezio uses both the Apple and the Papal staff to reveal a chamber of ancient technology. Inside, he is addressed by a hologram of a humanoid female that calls herself Minerva who speaks directly to Desmond through Ezio. Minerva explains how her society had pre-dated humanity’s, but a great disaster nearly wiped them out, and warns that another event is due to occur soon, putting the fate of humanity in Desmond’s hands. At this discovery, Desmond and his allies find the safehouse has been compromised by Abstergo and flee.

Similar to the first game, Assassin’s Creed takes place in historical recreations of Venice, Florence, Forlì, San Gimignano, and the Tuscan countryside, and incorporates events during that period as part of the story. Missions are divided into main story missions, themselves divided into memory sequences reflected points along Ezio’s life, and side missions which can be accomplished at any time; this approach to mission structure retains consistent in the other games in the series. The Monteriggioni villa provides several functions which can be expanded on by paying money for upgrades of surrounding buildings, or by purchasing artwork, weapons, and costumes for the villa; in turn, the villa will generate wealth for the player at a rate influenced by the upgrades and acquisition of these items. Additional quests involve locating secret Assassin seals, and finding hidden marks left by “Subject 16″, a former Animus user, that hint at the nature of Minerva’s society.

Assassin’s Creed: Brotherhood

Desmond and his allies retreat to the ruins of the Monteriggioni villa, and Desmond reenters the Animus to continue Ezio’s memories, specifically to identify the location of the Apple. After facing against Rodrigo Borgia, Ezio returned to Monteriggioni, but the villa is soon attacked by forces under the command of Cesare Borgia, Rodrigo’s son. Mario is killed and the Apple is stolen. Ezio vows revenge by helping to free the people of Rome from the Borgia family. As Ezio works covertly to turn the city against the Borgias, he gains followers that want to join his cause, and Ezio trains them in the way of the Assassins. In an attempt to assassinate Cesare and Rodrigo at the Castel Sant’Angelo, Ezio instead witnesses Cesare forcing his father to eat a poisoned apple that Rodrigo had prepared to kill his son. Ezio chases down Cesare and eventually captures him and recovers the Apple. Cesare is taken to prison in Viana, Spain but manages to escape with help of his allies. The Assassins lead the fight against Cesare and the remaining loyal Borgia troops, and eventually Ezio throws Cesare from the castle walls, killing him. With no perceived further threats, Ezio takes to hide the Apple under the Colosseum. In the present, Desmond is able to navigate through the underground chambers beneath the Colosseum to locate the Apple. As he picks it up, Desmond is witness to another hologram figure, calling herself Juno, and who controls Desmond to stab Lucy before he falls into a coma.

Brotherhood shares many of the same features as the previous game though takes place primarily in Rome. Similar to the villa, the player is able to spend money to buy and upgrade shops and other facilities throughout the city as to increase revenue they can collect from it; however, the player will be required to destroy Borgia towers that control various sections of the city before they can do so. The Brotherhood of Assassins is introduced, by which, after saving citizens from certain events, the player can invite these citizens as Assassins; they can then be dispatched to remote locations across Europe to gain experience and money, or can be called in to help the player directly in a mission. For the first time in the series, the game features online multiplayer. Players play as Abstergo employees, who, through the use of the Animus, take on the genetic memories of Renaissance Templars in various game modes.[3]

Assassin’s Creed: Third Crusade Revelations

Desmond comes to consciousness in a virtual area within the Animus, the Animus Island, where he meets the digital personality of Subject 16. Subject 16 explains that from the trauma of stabbing Lucy, Desmond must complete the memories of both Altaïr and Ezio to be able to separate his mind from theirs and to allow him to come out of his coma; however, doing so will destabilize the island as the Animus recovers that memory segment and at one point Subject 16 sacrifices himself to allow Desmond to continue. Desmond rejoins Ezio’s story many years after Brotherhood, where Ezio is curious to the Assassin’s origins and has traveled to Masyaf to locate their original headquarters. He finds Altaïr’s library, though it is locked by five keys which the Templars are also seeking, believing there to be great power within it. Ezio travels to the Ottoman-era Istanbul where the keys are said to have been hidden by explorer Niccolò Polo, and finds the city embroiled by the feuding brothers Selim and Ahmet vying for the Sultanate, the Templars secretly behind the battle. While searching for the keys, Ezio meets and falls in love with Sofia Sartor. Eventually, Ahmet is revealed as the agent for the Templars, and is killed by Selim, who thanks Ezio for his help but banishes him from the city for his own good.

Ezio uses the keys to witness (along with Desmond) Altaïr’s memories following the death of Al Mualim. These show Altaïr having lost his wife and youngest son in the midst of a coup d’etat within the Assassins followed by a twenty-year self-imposed exile. Eventually, Altaïr returned to Masyaf, killed the usurper, and retook control. Near death, Altaïr inscribed the keys with his memories and gave them to his friend Niccoló to hide at a distant location, before disappearing into his library forever. In Ezio’s present, he and Sofia go to Masyaf and open the library to find Altaïr’s corpse and the Piece of Eden he possessed. Ezio leaves the Piece as well as his assassin tools, and speaks directly to Desmond, knowing he was only a conduit for him, and hopes he finds the answer he needs. Desmond is then approached by another holographic figure, Jupiter, who explains that their society had tried to use technology to stop the destruction of the earth’s surface by a massive solar flare but failed, but they had stored their repository of knowledge in several vaults linked to a central vault which Desmond must use to stop another similar flare that will occur soon; Desmond recognizes the location in New England. Desmond wakes up from his coma, finding Rebecca, Shaun, and to his surprise, his father William, there. After learning that Lucy died from his stabbing, he informs of the location in New England, the Temple that will save humanity.

Revelations includes many new systems, including additional weapons. Bomb-crafting is now available, allowing the player to create explosive, distraction and tactical bombs, using materials found throughout the world and on Assassin’s Guild missions. As the player progresses through, Ezio can train new recruits to defend “dens” (Assassin HQs) and an upgraded Assassin’s missions section called “Mediterranean Defense” in which the player works to strip control of various cities from Templar hands. The hookblade is also introduced, which can be used in free-running (to travel along zip wires and climb more easily) and in combat (to manipulate enemies). Eagle Vision has been upgraded to Eagle Sense, which allows Ezio to not only see where his enemies and targets are but where they have been and where they are going to be. The multiplayer mode returns in Revelations, this time with more characters, modes, and maps, and through advanced, the player learns more about Abstergo’s history.

Assassin’s Creed III

Desmond and his allies arrive at the Temple entrance in a cave in the New England area on October 31, 2012, and open its door using the Apple, discovering a larger chamber of Precursor technology behind it, including another door requiring a key. Desmond suddenly falls into a fugue state, and is put into the Animus. There, he experiences the memories of a half Mohawk, half British named Ratonhnhaké:ton, later dubbed Connor, who lived through the American Revolution, as well as Connor’s father, Haytham Kenway, who is later revealed as a British agent of the Templars. Kenway had gone to the Colonies in America with a stolen medallion, recruited Templar allies including Charles Lee, and worked to gain the trust of the Mohawk people to get them to show him the location of the Temple, but to his annoyance, the medallion did not open the Temple for him. Connor, as a young boy, witnesses Lee and his troops set fire to his village, killing his mother; years later, he is shown a Piece of Eden, through which Juno speaks to him and instructs him to get training from Master Assassin Achilles Davenport. Achilles takes Connor and teaches him about Assassins and introduces him to Patriots in the Revolution, through which Connor stops several Templar plans to disrupt their efforts including an assassination attempt against George Washington. During these memories, Desmond does recover from the fugue state, and helps his allies to recover power sources to power the Temple scattered about the globe, including one held by Abstergo.

Connor eventually encounters his father, but Kenway offers a cease fire, as he is also after Lee and other Templars for usurping his authority. During their investigation, Kenway warns Connor that the Patriots, worried of the allegiance of the various tribes to the British, are seeking to remove Connor’s people from their lands. Connor eventually hunts Lee down and kills him, taking the medallion and ending the Templar threat. He is despondent to find his tribe’s village abandoned save for the Piece of Eden; through it, Juno tells him to bury the amulet. As December 21 approaches and signs of the solar flare begin to ensue, Desmond and his allies find the buried medallion, and use it at the inner Temple door, behind which is a control sphere. Juno appears and encourages Desmond to touch it, but Minerva appears and warns him to stop it, warning that this will release Juno as an entity that may protect against the solar flare but will be a threat to mankind in the future. Juno counters, explaining that Minerva would rather have most of humanity wiped out, with Desmond safe in the Temple to emerge as a religious figure to lead the survivors but ultimately leading into conflict. Desmond opts to release Juno, and as his body is wracked by energy from the control sphere, an aurora borealis surrounds the Earth and protected from the solar flare. Juno tells the fallen body of Desmond that his work is now done, and now it is time for her to do her work.

Assassin’s Creed III is structured similarly to the previous games, with missions taking place around colonial Boston and New York, and offers a large wilderness area, the Frontier and in the Davenport Homestead, where the player can hunt animals for goods, which then subsequently can be used at the Davenport homestead to construct goods to be traded and sold at the colonies. Naval battles are introduced, where the player must carefully steer a sailing ship in dangerous waters and perform ship-to-ship combat with cannons and mounted guns. In Assassin’s Creed III there are a large assortment of mini missions to play and many different outfits to purchase as you progress through the game.

Games

Third Crusade

  • Assassin’s Creed 2007
  • Assassin’s Creed: Altaïr’s Chronicles 2008
  • Assassin’s Creed: Bloodlines 2009

Renaissance

  • Assassin’s Creed II 2009
  • Assassin’s Creed II: Discovery 2009
  • Assassin’s Creed: Project Legacy 2010
  • Assassin’s Creed: Brotherhood 2010
  • Assassin’s Creed: Revelations 2011
  • Assassin’s Creed: Recollection 2012
  • Assassin’s Creed: Multiplayer Rearmed 2012

American Revolution

  • Assassin’s Creed III 2012
  • Assassin’s Creed III: Liberation 2012

 

How Many Calories in Mozzarella Cheese

There are 300 calories in Mozzarella Cheese per 100g. Which is 15% of daily recommended allowance (RDA) for women (2000 Calories) and 12% of daily recommended allowance (RDA) for men (2500 Calories).

Calories in Mozzarella Cheese

By the slice or by weight, when made with whole milk fat there are:

  • 85 calories in 1 oz or 28g of mozzarella
  • 170 calories in 2 oz or 57g of mozzarella
  • 298 calories in 3½ or 100g of mozzarella
  • 340 calories in 4 oz or 114g of mozzarella
  • 510 calories in 6 oz or 170g of mozzarella
  • 680 calories in 8 oz or 227g of mozzarella
  • 850 calories in 10 oz or 284g of mozzarella
  • 1020 calories in 12 oz or 340g of mozzarella
  • 1360 calories in 1 pound or 454g of mozzarella
  • 340 in calories in 1 cup (4 oz or 113g) shredded
  • 510 calories in 6 slices ( 6 oz or 170g)
  • 85 calories in 1 slice (which is usually 1 oz or 28g)

Italian Mozzarella

It is an Italian Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) food product. The term is used for several kinds of Italian cheeses that are made using spinning and then cutting (hence the name, as the Italian verb mozzare means “to cut”):

Mozzarella di Bufala (buffalo mozzarella), made from domesticated water buffalo milk
mozzarella fior di latte, made from fresh pasteurized or unpasteurized cow’s milk
low-moisture mozzarella, which is made from whole or part skimmed milk, and widely used in the food-service industry
mozarella affumicata (smoked mozzarella)

Mozzarella Cheese

Freshy Mozzarella Cheese

It is generally white, but may vary seasonally to slightly yellow depending on the animal’s diet. It is a semi-soft cheese. Due to its high moisture content, it is traditionally served the day it is made, but can be kept in brine for up to a week, or longer when sold in vacuum-sealed packages. Low-moisture mozzarella can be kept refrigerated for up to a month, though some shredded low-moisture mozzarella is sold with a shelf life of up to six months. Mozzarella of several kinds are also used for most types of pizza and several pasta dishes, such as lasagna, or served with sliced tomatoes and basil in insalata caprese.

Mozzarella di bufala campana is a type of mozzarella made from the milk of water buffalo raised in designated areas of Lazio and Campania, Italy. Unlike other mozzarellas—50% of whose production derives from non-Italian and often semi-coagulated milk—it holds the status of a protected designation of origin (PDO 1996) under the European Union.

Fior di latte (written also as one word) designates mozzarella made from cow (and not water buffalo) milk, which greatly lowers its cost. Outside Italy “mozzarella” not clearly labeled as deriving from water buffalo can be presumed to derive from cow milk.

Mozzarella is available fresh or partly dried. Fresh it is usually rolled into a ball of 80 to 100 grams (2.8 to 3.5 oz), or about 6 centimetres (2.4 in) in diameter, sometimes up to 1 kilogram (2.2 lb), or about 12 centimetres (4.7 in) diameter, and soaked in salt water (brine) or whey, sometimes with citric acid added. Partly dried (desiccated) its structure is more compact, and in this form it is often used to prepare dishes cooked in the oven, such as lasagna and pizza.

When twisted to form a plait mozzarella is called treccia. Mozzarella cheese is also available in smoked (affumicata) and reduced-moisture packaged varieties. “Stuffed mozzarella”, a new trend as of 2006, may feature olives or cooked or raw ham, or small tomatoes (pomodorini).

 

Adult Cat : How Many Teeth Do Cats Have

How Many Teeth does Adult cat Have

Cats start out with 26 deciduous teeth.  When the kitten is six months of age, their baby teeth will fall out. Adult Cats have 30 teeth (12 incisors, 10 premolars, 4 canines, and 4 molars), while dogs have 42. Kittens have baby teeth, which are replaced by permanent teeth around the age of 7 months.

Feline kittens have 26 deciduous teeth, and adult cats have 30 permanent teeth.

Most of the teeth in a cat are very small and you can only see them if you look very close.

Permanent dentition:
2(I 3/3 C 1/1 P 3/2 M 1/1) = 2(8/7) = 2(15) = 30 teeth

Third upper premolar and first lower molar are the sectoral teeth.

Deciduous dentition:
2(Di 3/3 Dc 1/1 Dp 3/2) = 2(7/6) = 2(13) = 26 teeth
Cats have 30 teeth (12 incisors, 10 premolars, 4 canines, and 4 molars).

adult cat

Permanent Teeth Of Cat

Cats have 30 teeth, each especially designed for biting, slicing, and stabbing. The adult cat teeth is like  a rodents spine with the presicion of a surgeon. The large canine teeth let him grab his prey with enough force to kill it. The molars work like scissors to cut prey into bite size pieces.  The cat’s mouth will adapt for meat eating. They can,t move their mouths sideways so they are unable to grind or chew the food with their mouths closed like humans. Thats why they always chew on larger pieces of food with the side of their mouth cutting off smaller pieces and swallowing the pieces whole. Kittens baby teeth get replaced by permanent ones start at about six months. There will be a full set of permanent ones by nine months.

teeth of adult cat

 

Shark’s Teeth : How Many Teeth Do Sharks Have

Shark’s Teeth

Shark’s teeth are arranged in series; when one tooth is damaged or lost, it is replaced by another. Most sharks have about 5 rows of teeth at any time. The front set is the largest and does most of the work.

A bull shark might have 50 “rows” of teeth, with 7 teeth in each “row” (one for each series). This would therefore be 350 teeth (approximately, since some rows might be incomplete). On average, sharks can lose about 30,000 teeth in a lifetime. An average lifespan for a shark may be about 30 years.

shark's teeth

Shark teeth are embedded in the gums rather than directly affixed to the jaw, and are constantly replaced throughout life. Multiple rows of replacement teeth grow in a groove on the inside of the jaw and steadily move forward in comparison to a conveyor belt; some sharks lose 30,000 or more teeth in their lifetime. The rate of tooth replacement varies from once every 8 to 10 days to several months. In most species, teeth are replaced one at a time as opposed to the simultaneous replacement of an entire row, which is observed in the cookiecutter shark.

Tooth Shape Of Shark

Tooth shape depends on the shark’s diet: those that feed on mollusks and crustaceans have dense and flattened teeth used for crushing, those that feed on fish have needle-like teeth for gripping, and those that feed on larger prey such as mammals have pointed lower teeth for gripping and triangular upper teeth with serrated edges for cutting. The teeth of plankton-feeders such as the basking shark are small and non-functional.

The most ancient types of sharks date back to 450 million years ago, during the Late Ordovician period, and they are mostly known from their fossilised teeth. The most commonly found fossil shark’s teeth are, however, from the Cenozoic (the last 65 million years).

Game Of Thrones : How Many Episodes Are Their In Season 2

 

Game of Thrones Season 2 Episode 8, The Prince of Winterfell Guide. Original air date: May 20, 2012 (2012-05-20).

At Winterfell, Theon receives a visitor and holds down the fort. Arya calls in her final debt with Jaqen (Tom Wlaschiha) in a way that displeases him. Robb is betrayed. Tyrion (Peter Dinklage) and Varys (Conleth Hill) find common ground. Dany ignores Jorah’s (Iain Glen) advice. Stannis (Stephen Dillane) and Davos (Liam Cunningham) approach their destination, and Davos is offered a reward. Tyrion and Varys find something they can agree on; Robb is betrayed. Stannis and Davos approach their destination.

Game Of Thrones

Air Date : Game of Thrones Season 3 Air Date Announced

Game of Thrones Season 3 air date announced. (Game of Thrones Season 3, Episode 1. Original : April, 2013)

At the Television Critics Association press tour, HBO have confirmed that the second season of Game of Thrones will commence airing on April, 2013. Assuming no breaks, this means the season will conclude on June, 2013.

air date

The bulk of the season will be written by producer/showrunners David Benioff and D.B. Weiss. At least one episode will be written by script editor Bryan Cogman. Other writers have not yet been announced.

Game of Thrones season 1 episode list

  1. Winter Is Coming – Original : April 17, 2011 (2011-04-17)
  2. The Kingsroad – Original : April 24, 2011 (2011-04-24)
  3. Lord Snow – Original : May 1, 2011 (2011-05-01)
  4. Cripples, Bastards, and Broken Things – Original : May 8, 2011 (2011-05-08)
  5. The Wolf and the Lion – Original : May 15, 2011 (2011-05-15)
  6. A Golden Crown – Original : May 22, 2011 (2011-05-22)
  7. You Win or You Die – Original : May 29, 2011 (2011-05-29)
  8. The Pointy End – Original : June 5, 2011 (2011-06-05)
  9. Baelor – Original : June 12, 2011 (2011-06-12)
  10. Fire and Blood – Original : June 19, 2011 (2011-06-19)

air date game of thrones

Game of Thrones season 2 episode list

  1. The North Remembers – Original : April 1, 2012
  2. The Night Lands – Original : April 8, 2012
  3. What is Dead May Never Die – Original : April 15, 2012
  4. Garden of Bones – Original : April 22, 2012
  5. The Ghost of Harrenhal – Original : April 29, 2012
  6. The Old Gods and the New – Original : May 6, 2012
  7. A Man Without Honor – Original air date: May 13, 2012
  8. The Prince of Winterfell – Original : May 20, 2012
  9. Blackwater – Original air date: May 27, 2012
  10. Valar Morghulis – Original : June 3, 2012

How Many Batman Movies Are There

The total number of movies Batman 8 pieces.

Batman Movies

  • Batman June 23, 1989
  • Batman Returns June 19, 1992
  • Batman: Mask of the Phantasm December 25, 1993
  • Batman Forever June 16, 1995
  • Batman & Robin June 20, 1997
  • Batman Begins June 15, 2005
  • The Dark Knight July 18, 2008
  • The Dark Knight Rises July 20, 2012

Official Batman movies & tv show

  • Catwoman (2004) (movie)
  • Return to the Batcave (2003) (TV movie)
  • Birds of Prey (2002-2003) (TV series)
  • Legends of the Superheroes (1979) (TV movie)
  • Batgirl (1967) (short TV movie)
  • Batman the Movie (1966) (movie)
  • Batman (1966-1968) (TV series)
  • Batman and Robin (1949) (movie serial)
  • The Batman (1943) (movie serial)

The fictional character Batman, a comic book superhero featured in DC Comics publications, has appeared in various films since his inception. The character first starred in two serial films in the 1940s, Batman and Batman and Robin. However, the character also appeared in the 1966 film Batman, which was a feature film adaptation of the 1960s Batman TV series starring Adam West and Burt Ward, who also starred in the film.

Toward the end of the 1980s, the Warner Bros. studio began producing a series of feature films starring Batman, beginning with the 1989 film Batman, directed by Tim Burton and starring Michael Keaton. Burton and Keaton returned for the 1992 sequel Batman Returns, and in 1995, Joel Schumacher directed Batman Forever with Val Kilmer as Batman. Schumacher also directed the 1997 sequel Batman & Robin, which starred George Clooney. Batman & Robin was poorly received by both the critics and the fans, and after a long hiatus in which multiple possible Batman scripts were developed, Warner Bros. rebooted the film franchise in 2005 with Batman Begins, directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Christian Bale. Finally Nolan also directed the 2008 sequel ” The Dark Knight with Bale” reprising his role. A third and final installment in the Nolan series, The Dark Knight Rises, is in post-production and is scheduled to be released on July 20th, 2012.

Batman has also appeared in multiple animated films, both as a starring character and as an ensemble character. Eventhough most animated films were released direct-to-video, the 1993 animated feature Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (based on the 1990s Batman: The Animated Series) was released theatrically.

Having earned a total of U.S. $1,449,683,452, the Batman series is the fourth highest-grossing film series in North America.

Batman movies

Batman movies box office performance

Film Release date Box office revenue Box office ranking Budget
United States Worldwide Domestic International Worldwide All time domestic All time worldwide
Batman June 23, 1989 June 23, 1989 $251,188,924 $160,160,000 $411,348,924 #66
#50(A)
#146 $35,000,000
Batman Returns June 19, 1992 June 19, 1992 $162,831,698 $103,990,656 $266,822,354 #197
#166(A)
#321 $80,000,000
Batman: Mask of the Phantasm December 25, 1993 December 25, 1993 $5,617,391 #4,566
Batman Forever June 16, 1995 June 16, 1995 $184,031,112 $152,498,032 $336,529,144 #141
#139(A)
#217 $100,000,000
Batman & Robin June 20, 1997 June 20, 1997 $107,325,195 $130,881,927 $238,207,122 #444 #376 $125,000,000
Batman Begins June 15, 2005 June 15, 2005 $205,343,774 $167,366,241 $372,710,015 #115 #171 $150,000,000
The Dark Knight July 18, 2008 July 16, 2008 $533,345,358 $468,576,467 $1,001,921,825 #4
#29(A)
#12 $185,000,000
The Dark Knight Rises July 20, 2012 July 19, 2012 TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA $250,000,000
Total $1,449,683,452 $1,183,473,323 $2,633,156,775 $925,000,000

Solar Panel Technology : How Many Solar Panels Do I Need

Solar Panel Technology

You can figure how many panels your house will need by dividing the total watts of electricity you use each day by the number of hours of daily direct sunlight your home receives. This will tell you how many watts you need to generate each hour. You can figure approximately how much power you use each day by examining your electric bill. Solar panels are measured by the amount of watts they produce at peak sunlight. A 200-watt solar panel technology will produce 200 watts of electricity per hour of direct sunlight. If you use 1,000 watts per hour (1 kilowatt-hour), then you need five 200-watt solar panels to compensate (ten 100-watt panels and so on).

In that case, it would take only five solar panels to power the house. Unfortunately, there is more than one hour in a day. To compensate for the majority of each day when there is no direct sunlight, you must add panels to the system. An average home requires about a 5- or 6-kilowatt solar system. While the home may only use 1 kW of power in its busiest hour, the extra panels will make up for power used at night.

This excess power produced during peak sunlight can be stored in batteries for later use, or sent back to the regional electric grid and “traded” for grid power at night. Given the numbers and panel ratings above, a 5-kW system would require 25 solar power panels to completely power the house. Just remember that these are simplistic numbers designed to provide a general idea of how many solar panels it takes to power a house. Only a sit-down between you and a solar contractor can truly get these figures right.

 

Solar Panel Technology

How Many Solar Panels Do I Need for Powering My Home

In a typical home, electricity is used to light up the home, operate its various electrical equipment and in some cases for heating. Installation of solar panels can be quite expensive and so heating of a home is better done with oil, coal or gas based furnaces. So, other than heating, a typical home may require about 600 watts of power on an average. This translates into 14,400 watt hours for a day.

Solar panels can produce about 70 milliwatts per square inch, and assuming only a 5 hour exposure to the sun that is beneficial to produce power, this translates into 350 milliwatt hours per day. So to produce the required amount of power you will, in theory, need 41,000 square inches of solar panels or about 285 square feet. While this area is not too large for a typical home, the direction of the sun and the ability of the installation to take advantage of the sun can decide the placement of these solar panels.

Solar power panels are available as panels that have a wattage rating. The normal ones vary from 100 watts to 200 watts per hour.

The more energy efficient you become, the fewer panels you will need to become self sufficient. Becoming energy smart is a critical step in switching to solar power and should be on your mind when using conventional electricity as well. Also, the size of your home must be considered.

A larger home is going to use more juice than a smaller one. Your location and the amount of sunlight you get also directly affects how efficiently your system will perform. How many solar panels to power a house will depend on each and every person’s unique living situation.

Costs of Power Generation from the Sun

As the sun shines only for a part of the day, (we have assumed five hours) you then need to provide a bank of batteries to store the power for use when the sun is not shining and the necessary inverters to convert the electricity to one that is usable by all the appliances and other equipment that you have. This in itself can almost double the cost of an installation. An installation of 285 square feet in today’s terms will cost about ,000 plus the added cost for the other equipment.

It is possible to reduce the requirements of electricity by completely cutting out any air conditioning or heating equipment, using energy efficient refrigerators with limited capacities, using only CFL bulbs and considering other alternatives. 600 watts of electricity purchased from the grid can cost you just about 0 per year, and this makes solar power very uneconomical. However if you are considering powering up a house that is far from any electrical grid, than solar power is the way to go, because bringing the grid to your home may remain very prohibitive in terms of cost.

Some electrical utilities do agree to take power from a solar power installation , and this can save you the costs of batteries etc, as you can agree to trade that power for cheap power from the grid at night when the solar power will not be available.

Why Must You Consider Solar Power

For electricity to be produced a lot of the earth’s natural resources need to be used. This includes coal, oil and gas all of which are non renewable and resources that can deplete and get over. The sun is a source that is renewable and inexhaustible. Research into materials that convert solar energy to power is continuing to reduce the costs of making such cells and increasing the efficiency with which they work. In the long run this can reduce costs to a great extent. Maintenance in the case of systems that produce energy from solar power is almost negligible and requires not much more than keeping surfaces of the panels clean.

If a home is located in an area where the sun shines for a larger part of the year, it makes sense to utilize the energy from the sun to reduce your utility bills. Even if installation of solar panels is something beyond your budget at the moment, you can consider other alternatives that are much cheaper and use the heat from the sun to heat water instead of using electricity for this.

Solar Panel Technology for house

A number of state and federal grants and loans are also available for installation of solar panels, and it is best to get sufficient information on this before you decide on any solar panel installation.

Solar panel technology prices have been on a steady decline over the years due to a higher demand for the product, but the amount of electricity they generate has remained consistent. So, you are still going to need a substantial number of panels to supply the kilowatt hours needed to power a house. However, the question of how many solar panels to power a house does not have to be one cut and dried answer.

How to set-up solar panel technology

Solar power is abundant and inexhaustible, compared to other natural resources. So, do your bit for the environment by looking at how many solar panels do I need for the home and see if you can find a way to install them .

Items Description Avarage Electricity Usage (per hour)
Ceiling Fan 80 Watts
Floor Fan 125 Watts
Energy Saver 24 Watts
Bulb 60, 100, 200 Watts
TV 300 Watts
DVD/VCD/VCR/BluRay 80 Watts
Refrigerator 550-800 Watts
AC 0.75 Ton Window 900 Watts
AC 1 Ton Window 1200 Watts
AC 2.5 Ton Window 3500 Watts
AC 1 Ton Split Unit 800 Watts
Air Cooler 325 Watts
Mivrowawe Oven 1400 Watts
Toaster 1400 Watts
Washing Mashine/Dryer 400 Watts
Water Pump 1 HP (746 Watts)
Computer Desktop 400 Watts
Monitor 19″ 120 Watts
Computer Laptop 45 Watts
Tube Light (modem) 40 Watts

Saw Movies : How Many Saw Movies Are There

Saw Movies

The total number of saw movies : 7 pieces.

  1. Saw, released on October 29, 2004
  2. Saw II, released on October 28, 2005
  3. Saw III, released on October 27, 2006
  4. Saw IV, released on October 26, 2007
  5. Saw V, released on October 24, 2008
  6. Saw VI, released on October 23, 2009
  7. Saw 3D, released on October 29, 2010

Saw movies is a 2004 American independent horror film directed by James Wan. The screenplay, written by Leigh Whannell, is based on a story by Wan and Whannell. The film stars Cary Elwes, Danny Glover, Monica Potter, Michael Emerson, Ken Leung, Whannell and Tobin Bell. It is the debut of Wan and Whannell and the first installment of the seven–part Saw film series.

The film’s story revolves around Adam (Whannell) and Lawrence (Elwes), two men who are chained in a dilapidated subterranean bathroom and are each given instructions via a microcassette recorder on how to escape. Adam is told he must escape the bathroom, while Lawrence is told to kill Adam before a certain time, or Lawrence’s family will die. Meanwhile, police detectives investigate and attempt to apprehend the mastermind behind the “game”.

The film series as a whole has received mixed to negative reviews by critics, but has been a financial success at the box office. While the films are often compared to Hostel and classified as torture porn by critics, the creators of Saw disagree with the term “torture porn”. Writer Luke Y. Thompson of OC Weekly argued that, unlike Hostel, the Saw films actually have less torture than most in the sense of sadism or masochism, as Jigsaw believes that those who survive his methods will be stronger people for it. He called him a kind of a (deranged) philanthropist.

Saw Movies

Production

Saw was first screened on January 19, 2004. Lionsgate picked up the rights and released the film in the United States and Canada on October 29, 2004. Critical responses were generally mixed and divided. Compared to its low budget, Saw performed very well at the box office, grossing more than $103 million worldwide and becoming, at the time, one of the most profitable horror films since 1996′s Scream. The success of the film prompted a green-light of a sequel soon after Saw’s opening weekend, which was released the following October.

Film Director Writer(s) Producer(s) Cinematographer Editor Composer Production designer
Saw (2004) James Wan Story by James Wan & Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by Leigh Whannell
Mark Burg
Oren Koules
Gregg Hoffman
David A. Armstrong Kevin Greutert Charlie Clouser Julie Berghoff
Saw II (2005) Darren Lynn Bousman Leigh Whannell & Darren Lynn Bousman David Hackl
Saw III (2006) Story by James Wan & Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by Leigh Whannell
Saw IV (2007) Story by Thomas Fenton & Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan
Screenplay by Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan
Saw V (2008) David Hackl Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan Anthony A. Ianni
Saw VI (2009) Kevin Greutert Andrew Coutts
Saw 3D (2010) Brian Gedge

Characters In Saw Movies

Character Film
Saw Saw II Saw III Saw IV Saw V Saw VI Saw 3D
John Kramer/Jigsaw Tobin Bell
Amanda Young Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith
Allison Kerry Dina Meyer Dina Meyer
Adam Stanheight Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell
Lawrence Gordon Cary Elwes Cary Elwes Cary Elwes
Eric Matthews Donnie Wahlberg Donnie Wahlberg
Daniel Rigg Lyriq Bent Lyriq Bent
Mark Hoffman Costas Mandylor
Jill Tuck Betsy Russell
Jeff Denlon Angus Macfadyen Angus Macfadyen
Lynn Denlon Bahar Soomekh Bahar Soomekh
Peter Strahm Scott Patterson Scott Patterson
Lindsey Perez Athena Karkanis Athena Karkanis Athena Karkanis

Saw Movies567

Box office revenue

Film Release date Revenue Budget
United States
Canada
Other markets Worldwide
Saw October 29, 2004 $65,303,370 $56,695,965 $121,999,335 $1,200,000–1,400,000
Saw II October 28, 2005 $100,291,115 $69,950,938 $170,242,053 $4,600,000
Saw III October 27, 2006 $89,414,350 $94,313,972 $183,728,322 $11,200,000
Saw IV October 26, 2007 $68,351,472 $82,121,566 $150,473,038 $10,800,000
Saw V October 24, 2008 $59,606,215 $59,995,406 $119,601,621 $11,300,000
Saw VI October 23, 2009 $28,023,839 $41,024,227 $69,048,066 $11,100,000
Saw 3D October 29, 2010 $46,441,540 $91,887,301 $138,328,841 $17,300,000
Total $457,431,901 $495,989,375 $953,421,276 $67,700,000 estimated