How Many Pirates of the Caribbean Movies Are There

There are 4 Pirates of the Caribbean Movies total. Pirates of the Caribbean 5; In October of 2011, Jerry Bruckheimer confirmed that they are working on a script. In an interview, Kevin McNally stated that a summer 2012 production start was possible. Because of the financial success of On Stranger Tides, the film’s director Rob Marshall might return for this addition to the series

Pirates of the Caribbean Movies

  • The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003)
  • Dead Man’s Chest (2006)
  • At World’s End (2007)
  • On Stranger Tides (2011)
  • Pirates of the Caribbean 5 (TBA)

Pirates of the Caribbean is a series of fantasy adventure films directed by Gore Verbinski (1–3) and Rob Marshall (4), written by Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer. All four films are based on a Walt Disney theme park ride of the same name, and follow the adventures of Captain Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp), Will Turner (Orlando Bloom), Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightley), Captain Hector Barbossa (Geoffrey Rush), Joshamee Gibbs (Kevin McNally), Davy Jones (Bill Nighy), Angelica (Penélope Cruz), and Blackbeard (Ian McShane).

Pirates of the Caribbean is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney franchise encompassing a series of films, a theme park ride, and spinoff novels as well as numerous video games and other publications. The franchise originated with the Pirates of the Caribbean theme ride attraction, which opened at Disneyland in 1967, the last Disney theme park attraction overseen by Walt Disney. Disney based the ride on pirate legends and folklore. As of August 2006, Pirates of the Caribbean attractions can be found at four Disney theme parks. Their related films have grossed almost US$4 billion as of 2011.

The films started with their first release on the big screen in 2003 with Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. After the success of the first film, Walt Disney Pictures revealed that a trilogy was in the works. Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest was released three years later in 2006. The sequel proved successful, breaking records worldwide the day of its premiere. In the end, it earned $1,066,179,725 at the worldwide box office, becoming the fastest film (at the time) to reach the $1-billion-mark and standing as the third highest-grossing film worldwide (since having dropped to seventh place). The third film in the series, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End, was released in 2007. In September 2008, Depp signed on for a fourth film in the franchise, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, released on May 20, 2011 in conventional 2D, Digital 3-D and IMAX 3D. It succeeded in grossing more than $1 billion, becoming the eighth film and fastest Disney film (at the time) to achieve this. So far, the film franchise has grossed $3.72 billion worldwide, and is one of two franchises with two films that reached $1 billion worldwide (the other being the The Dark Knight trilogy). It is the fifth highest-grossing film series of all-time. It has been confirmed that two more installments to the franchise are included in Disney’s future plans. In July 2011, Johnny Depp confirmed he was closing in on a deal for a fifth installment and that the franchise wouldn’t be going ahead without Depp’s participation.

Although it has never been officially confirmed, there is strong evidence to suggest that the series was influenced by, and perhaps loosely based upon, the Monkey Island series of video games. Ted Elliott, one of the two screenwriters of the first four Pirates of the Caribbean films, was allegedly the writer of a Steven Spielberg-produced animated film adaptation of Monkey Island entitled The Curse of Monkey Island (presumably based on the game of the same name), which was cancelled before its official announcement, three years prior to the release of The Curse of the Black Pearl. This film was allegedly in production at Industrial Light & Magic before being cancelled.

Ron Gilbert, the creator of the Monkey Island series, has jokingly expressed a bitterness towards the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise for its similarities to Monkey Island. Gilbert has also stated that On Stranger Tides, a novel by Tim Powers which was adapted into the fourth Pirates of the Caribbean film, was the principal source of inspiration for his video games.

Pirates of the Caribbean Video Games

  • Adventures in the Magic Kingdom by Capcom featured a stage in which the player had to rescue six civilians from pirates in an island resembling the attraction.
  • Walt Disney World Quest: Magical Racing Tour by Eidos Interactive included a level in which players can race water boats at the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction in Walt Disney World.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean (Originally entitled Sea Dogs II) was released in 2003 by Bethesda Softworks to coincide with the release of Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Although it had no relation to the characters, it features the movie’s storyline about cursed Aztec gold and undead pirates, and it was the first of several games to be inspired by the attraction, prior to this exploring the stories that made Captain Jack Sparrow a legend.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean Multiplayer Mobile for mobile phones
  • Pirates of the Caribbean Online a massively multiplayer online role playing game which was released in Autumn 2007.
  • Kingdom Hearts II features a world based on Pirates of the Caribbean, “Port Royal”, taking place during the events of the first film, with movie characters such as Jack Sparrow, Elizabeth Swann, Will Turner, and Captain Barbossa making appearances. In the first visit, the story is directly copied from the film, but partially modified to fit the Kingdom Hearts II storyline, shown with the inclusions of Sora, Donald Duck, Goofy and Pete. The second visit focuses more on Organization XIII’s activities in Port Royal, as well as Sora, Jack, Donald and Goofy’s first encounter with Luxord.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl for Game Boy Advance (Nintendo) and a few others. This game is based on Captain Jack Sparrow’s misadventures in the pursuit of saving Ria Anasagasti with his shipmate Will Turner.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest, was released for the Nintendo DS, PlayStation Portable, Game Boy Advance and others.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End was released on May 22, 2007 and was based on the film of the same name which was released on May 25, 2007. It was the first game in the series to be released for a seventh generation console.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Armada of the Damned, an action and role playing video game, was being developed by Propaganda Games but was cancelled in October 2010.
  • Lego Pirates of the Caribbean: The Video Game, released in May 2011, is the most recent Pirates game. It features all four films as well as over 70 characters and over 21 levels.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Master of the Seas, a gaming app available on Android and iOS.

Pirates of the Caribbean Characters

Character Movie
The Curse of the Black Pearl
(2003)
Dead Man’s Chest
(2006)
At World’s End
(2007)
On Stranger Tides
(2011)
Captain Jack Sparrow Johnny Depp
Captain Hector Barbossa Geoffrey Rush
Joshamee Gibbs Kevin McNally
Will Turner Orlando Bloom
Dylan Smith (y)
Orlando Bloom
Elizabeth Swann Keira Knightley
Lucinda Dryzek (y)
Keira Knightly
James Norrington Jack Davenport
Governor Weatherby Swann Jonathan Pryce
Pintel Lee Arenberg
Ragetti Mackenzie Crook
Marty Martin Klebba
Cotton David Bailie
Scarlett Lauren Maher
Giselle Vanessa Branch
Prison Dog Chopper
Lt. Theodore Groves Greg Ellis Greg Ellis
Murtogg Giles New Giles New
Mullroy Angus Barnett Angus Barnett
Lieutenant Gillette Damian O’Hare Damian O’Hare
Davy Jones Mentioned Bill Nighy
Bootstrap Bill Turner Mentioned Stellan Skarsgård
Lord Cutler Beckett Tom Hollander
Tia Dalma (Calypso) Naomie Harris
Mercer David Schofield
Captain Teague Keith Richards
Anamaria Zoe Saldana
Sao Feng Chow Yun-fat
King George II Mentioned Richard Griffiths
Angelica Penélope Cruz
Blackbeard Ian McShane
Philip Swift Sam Claflin
Syrena Àstrid Bergès-Frisbey
Scrum Stephen Graham
Cabin-Boy Robbie Kay
The Spaniard Óscar Jaenada

Pirates of the Caribbean Crew

Role Movie
The Curse of the Black Pearl Dead Man’s Chest At World’s End On Stranger Tides
Director Gore Verbinski Rob Marshall
Producer Jerry Bruckheimer
Writer Ted Elliott & Terry Rossio
Stuart Beattie
Jay Wolpert
Ted Elliott & Terry Rossio
Music Klaus Badelt Hans Zimmer Hans Zimmer with Rodrigo y Gabriela
Cinematographer Dariusz Wolski

Pirates of the Caribbean Box Office Revenue

Film Release date Box office revenue
North America Other Countries Worldwide
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl July 9, 2003 $305,413,918 $348,850,097 $654,264,015
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest July 7, 2006 $423,315,812 $642,863,913 $1,066,179,725
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End May 25, 2007 $309,420,425 $654,000,000 $963,420,425
Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides May 20, 2011 $241,071,802 $802,800,000 $1,043,871,802
Total $1,279,221,957 $2,448,514,010 $3,727,735,967

How Many Seasons of Sons of Anarchy

Sons of Anarchy is an American television drama series created by Kurt Sutter about the lives of a close-knit outlaw motorcycle club operating in Charming, a fictional town in the Central Valley of Northern California. The show centers on protagonist Jackson “Jax” Teller (Charlie Hunnam), the then-Vice President of the club who begins questioning the club and himself.

Sons of Anarchy, a television drama series created by Kurt Sutter, premiered on September 3, 2008 on the cable network FX in the United States. The third season of the series attracted an average of 4.9 million viewers per week, making it FX’s highest rated series ever, surpassing FX’s other hits The Shield, Nip/Tuck, and Rescue Me. Sons of Anarchy tells the story of an outlaw motorcycle club based in the fictional small town of Charming, California. The show follows protagonist Jackson “Jax” Teller (Charlie Hunnam), son of the deceased founding president John Teller, who begins questioning the club and the direction in which they should be heading. On February 3, 2012, Sons of Anarchy was renewed for two additional seasons, a fifth and a sixth. Those involved in the production of the series infer that a seventh and final season is the creator, Kurt Sutter,’s plan.

Sons of Anarchy season 1 episode list:

Season 1, Episode 1 – Pilot
Season 1, Episode 2 – Seeds
Season 1, Episode 3 – Fun Town
Season 1, Episode 4 – Patch Over
Season 1, Episode 5 – Giving Back
Season 1, Episode 6 – AK-51
Season 1, Episode 7 – Old Bones
Season 1, Episode 8 – The Pull
Season 1, Episode 9 – Hell Followed
Season 1, Episode 10 – Better Half
Season 1, Episode 11 – Capybara
Season 1, Episode 12 – The Sleep of Babies
Season 1, Episode 13 – The Revelator
Sons of Anarchy season 2 episode list:

Season 2, Episode 1 – Albification
Season 2, Episode 2 – Small Tears
Season 2, Episode 3 – Fix
Season 2, Episode 4 – Eureka
Season 2, Episode 5 – Smite
Season 2, Episode 6 – Falx Cerebri
Season 2, Episode 7 – Gilead
Season 2, Episode 8 – Potlatch
Season 2, Episode 9 – Fa Guan
Season 2, Episode 10 – Balm
Season 2, Episode 11 – Service
Season 2, Episode 12 – The Culling
Season 2, Episode 13 – Na Trioblóidí
Sons of Anarchy season 3 episode list:

Season 3, Episode 1 – SO
Season 3, Episode 2 – Oiled
Season 3, Episode 3 – Caregiver
Season 3, Episode 4 – Home
Season 3, Episode 5 – Turning and Turning
Season 3, Episode 6 – The Push
Season 3, Episode 7 – Widening Gyre
Season 3, Episode 8 – Lochan Mor
Season 3, Episode 9 – Turas
Season 3, Episode 10 – Firinne
Season 3, Episode 11 – Bainne
Season 3, Episode 12 – June Wedding
Season 3, Episode 13 – NS
Sons of Anarchy season 4 episode list:

Season 4, Episode 1 – Out
Season 4, Episode 2 – Booster
Season 4, Episode 3 – Dorylus
Season 4, Episode 4 – Una Venta
Season 4, Episode 5 – Brick
Season 4, Episode 6 – With an X
Season 4, Episode 7 – Fruit for the Crows
Season 4, Episode 8 – Family Recipe
Season 4, Episode 9 – Kiss
Season 4, Episode 10 – Hands
Season 4, Episode 11 – Call of Duty
Season 4, Episode 12 – Burnt and Purged Away
Season 4, Episode 13 – To Be, Act 1
Season 4, Episode 14 – To Be, Act 2
Sons of Anarchy season 5 episode list:

Season 5, Episode 1 – Sovereign – Original air date: September 11, 2012
Season 5, Episode 2 – Authority Vested – Original air date: September 18, 2012
Season 5, Episode 3 – Laying Pipe – Original air date: September 25, 2012
Season 5, Episode 4 – Stolen Huffy – Original air date: October 2, 2012
Season 5, Episode 5 – Orca Shrugged – Original air date: October 9, 2012
Season 5, Episode 6 – Original air date: October 16, 2012
Season 5, Episode 7 – Original air date: October 23, 2012
Season 5, Episode 8 – Original air date: October 30, 2012
Season 5, Episode 9 – Original air date: November 6, 2012
Season 5, Episode 10 – Original air date: November 13, 2012
Season 5, Episode 11 – Original air date: November 20, 2012
Season 5, Episode 12 – Original air date: November 27, 2012
Season 5, Episode 13 – Original air date: December 4, 2012

How Many Resident Evil Movies Are There

There are 5 Resident Evil Movies total.

Resident Evil Movies

  • Resident Evil (2002)
  • Resident Evil: Apocalypse (2004)
  • Resident Evil: Extinction (2007)
  • Resident Evil: Afterlife (2010)
  • Resident Evil: Retribution (2012)

Resident Evil is a film series based upon the Capcom video games of the same name. Constantin Film bought rights to the first film in January 1997 with Alan B. McElroy and George A. Romero as potential writers. In 2001, Sony acquired distribution rights to the film and hired Paul W.S. Anderson as writer and director for Resident Evil (2002). He continued on as writer and producer for Resident Evil: Apocalypse (2004) and Resident Evil: Extinction (2007), and returned as director for a fourth installment, Resident Evil: Afterlife (2010) and an upcoming fifth film Resident Evil: Retribution, set to be released September, 2012 in 3D.

The Umbrella Corporation acts as the main antagonist in the series, a bioengineering pharmaceutical company responsible for the zombie apocalypse as a result of creating the T-virus. The films follow franchise protagonist Alice, a completely original character created for the films portrayed by Milla Jovovich, who was once a security operative working for Umbrella and is now the ultimate enemy of the corporation. Through her battle with Umbrella, she eventually meets with the main antagonist, Chairman Albert Wesker (Shawn Roberts). A number of video game characters also make an appearance in the films, including Jill Valentine (Sienna Guillory), Carlos Olivera (Oded Fehr), Claire Redfield (Ali Larter), Chris Redfield (Wentworth Miller), Leon S. Kennedy (Johann Urb) and Ada Wong (Li Bingbing).

Despite a mixed reaction from film critics, the films have become the most successful movie series to be based on video games, and the franchise has collectively brought in US$675 million worldwide on a $183 million budget.

Resident Evil Box Office Revenue

Film Release date Box Office Revenue Budget
United States Foreign Worldwide
Resident Evil March 15, 2002 $40,119,709 $62,321,369 $102,441,078 $33,000,000
Resident Evil: Apocalypse September 10, 2004 $51,201,453 $78,193,382 $129,394,835 $45,000,000
Resident Evil: Extinction September 21, 2007 $50,648,679 $97,069,154 $147,717,833 $45,000,000
Resident Evil: Afterlife September 10, 2010 $60,128,566 $236,093,097 $296,221,663 $60,000,000
Resident Evil: Retribution September 14, 2012 $ $ $ TBC

Resident Evil Cast and characters

Character Movie
Resident Evil
(2002)
Resident Evil: Apocalypse
(2004)
Resident Evil: Extinction
(2007)
Resident Evil: Afterlife
(2010)
Resident Evil: Retribution
(2012)
Alice Milla Jovovich
Rain Ocampo Michelle Rodriguez Michelle Rodriguez
Matt Addison/Nemesis Eric Mabius Matthew G. Taylor
James “One” Shade Colin Salmon Colin Salmon
Spence Parks James Purefoy
Chad Kaplan Martin Crewes
Jill Valentine Sienna Guillory Sienna Guillory
Carlos Olivera Oded Fehr Oded Fehr
Lloyd Jefferson (L.J.) Wayne Mike Epps
Dr. Sam Isaacs Iain Glen
Dr. Charles Ashford Jared Harris
Angela Ashford Sophie Vavasseur
Terri Morales Sandrine Holt
Peyton Wells Razaaq Adoti
Major Timothy Cain Thomas Kretschmann
Claire Redfield Ali Larter
K-Mart Spencer Locke
Albert Wesker Jason O’Mara Shawn Roberts
Nurse Betty Ashanti
Luther West Boris Kodjoe
Chris Redfield Wentworth Miller
J-Pop Gir Mika Nakashima
Leon Scott Kennedy Johann Urb
Ada Wong Li Bingbing
Barry Burton Kevin Durand

How Many Seasons of Pretty Little Liars Are There

There are 63 episodes Pretty Little Liars season 1, season 2 and season 3.

Pretty Little Liars is an American television drama series which premiered on ABC Family on June 8, 2010. Created by
I. Marlene King, the series is based on the Pretty Little Liars book series by Sara Shepard. After an initial order of
10 episodes, ABC Family ordered an additional 12 episodes for season one on June 28, 2010. The first season’s “summer
finale” aired on August 10, 2010, with the remaining 12 episodes began airing on January 3, 2011.

On January 10, 2011 ABC Family picked up Pretty Little Liars for a second season of 25 episodes. It began airing on
Tuesday, June 14, 2011. It was announced in June that a special Halloween-themed episode would air as part of ABC
Family’s 13 Nights of Halloween lineup. This increased the episode count from 24 to 25. On November 29, 2011 ABC
Family renewed the series for a third season, consisting of 24 episodes.

As of August 28, 2012, 59 episodes of Pretty Little Liars have aired.

Pretty Little Liars season 1 episode list:

Season 1, Episode 1 – Pilot
Season 1, Episode 2 – The Jenna Thing
Season 1, Episode 3 – To Kill a Mocking Girl
Season 1, Episode 4 – Can You Hear Me Now?
Season 1, Episode 5 – Reality Bites Me
Season 1, Episode 6 – There’s No Place Like Homecoming
Season 1, Episode 7 – The Homecoming Hangover
Season 1, Episode 8 – Please, Do Talk About Me When I’m Gone
Season 1, Episode 9 – The Perfect Storm
Season 1, Episode 10 – Keep Your Friends Close
Season 1, Episode 11 – Moments Later
Season 1, Episode 12 – Salt Meets Wound
Season 1, Episode 13 – Know Your Frenemies
Season 1, Episode 14 – Careful What U Wish 4
Season 1, Episode 15 – If at First You Don’t Succeed, Lie, Lie Again
Season 1, Episode 16 – Je Suis Une Amie
Season 1, Episode 17 – The New Normal
Season 1, Episode 18 – The Badass Seed
Season 1, Episode 19 – A Person of Interest
Season 1, Episode 20 – Someone to Watch Over Me
Season 1, Episode 21 – Monsters in the End
Season 1, Episode 22 – For Whom the Bell Tolls
Pretty Little Liars season 2 episode list:

Season 2, Episode 1 – It’s Alive
Season 2, Episode 2 – The Goodbye Look
Season 2, Episode 3 – My Name Is Trouble
Season 2, Episode 4 – Blind Dates
Season 2, Episode 5 – The Devil You Know
Season 2, Episode 6 – Never Letting Go
Season 2, Episode 7 – Surface Tension
Season 2, Episode 8 – Save the Date
Season 2, Episode 9 – Picture This
Season 2, Episode 10 – Touched by an A-ngel
Season 2, Episode 11 – I Must Confess
Season 2, Episode 12 – Over My Dead Body
Season 2, Episode 13 – The First Secret
Season 2, Episode 14 – Through Many Dangers, Toils and Snares
Season 2, Episode 15 – A Hot Piece of ‘A
Season 2, Episode 16 – Let the Water Hold Me Down
Season 2, Episode 17 – Blond Leading the Blind
Season 2, Episode 18 – A Kiss Before Lying
Season 2, Episode 19 – The Naked Truth
Season 2, Episode 20 – CTRL:A
Season 2, Episode 21 – Breaking the Code
Season 2, Episode 22 – Father Knows Best
Season 2, Episode 23 – Eye of the Beholder
Season 2, Episode 24 – If These Dolls Could Talk
Season 2, Episode 25 – unmAsked
Pretty Little Liars season 3 episode list:

Season 3, Episode 1 – It Happened ‘That Night
Season 3, Episode 2 – Blood Is the New Black
Season 3, Episode 3 – Kingdom of the Blind
Season 3, Episode 4 – Birds of a Feather
Season 3, Episode 5 – That Girl Is Poison
Season 3, Episode 6 – The Remains of the ‘A’
Season 3, Episode 7 – Crazy
Season 3, Episode 8 – Stolen Kisses
Season 3, Episode 9 – The Kahn Game
Season 3, Episode 10 – What Lies Beneath
Season 3, Episode 11 – Single Fright Female
Season 3, Episode 12 – The Lady Killer
Season 3, Episode 13 – This Is a Dark Ride – Original air date: October 23, 2012
Season 3, Episode 14 – She’s Better Now
Season 3, Episode 15 – Mona-Mania
Season 3, Episode 16 – Misery Loves Company
how-many-seasons-of-pretty-little-liars-are-there
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How Many Saw Movies Are There

The total number of movies Saw 7 pieces.

Saw Movies

  1. Saw, released on October 29, 2004
  2. Saw II, released on October 28, 2005
  3. Saw III, released on October 27, 2006
  4. Saw IV, released on October 26, 2007
  5. Saw V, released on October 24, 2008
  6. Saw VI, released on October 23, 2009
  7. Saw 3D, released on October 29, 2010

Saw is a 2004 American independent horror film directed by James Wan. The screenplay, written by Leigh Whannell, is based on a story by Wan and Whannell. The film stars Cary Elwes, Danny Glover, Monica Potter, Michael Emerson, Ken Leung, Whannell and Tobin Bell. It is the debut of Wan and Whannell and the first installment of the seven–part Saw film series.

The film’s story revolves around Adam (Whannell) and Lawrence (Elwes), two men who are chained in a dilapidated subterranean bathroom and are each given instructions via a microcassette recorder on how to escape. Adam is told he must escape the bathroom, while Lawrence is told to kill Adam before a certain time, or Lawrence’s family will die. Meanwhile, police detectives investigate and attempt to apprehend the mastermind behind the “game”.

 

The film series as a whole has received mixed to negative reviews by critics, but has been a financial success at the box office. While the films are often compared to Hostel and classified as torture porn by critics, the creators of Saw disagree with the term “torture porn”. Writer Luke Y. Thompson of OC Weekly argued that, unlike Hostel, the Saw films actually have less torture than most in the sense of sadism or masochism, as Jigsaw believes that those who survive his methods will be stronger people for it. He called him a kind of a (deranged) philanthropist.

 

Saw was first screened on January 19, 2004. Lionsgate picked up the rights and released the film in the United States and Canada on October 29, 2004. Critical responses were generally mixed and divided. Compared to its low budget, Saw performed very well at the box office, grossing more than $103 million worldwide and becoming, at the time, one of the most profitable horror films since 1996′s Scream. The success of the film prompted a green-light of a sequel soon after Saw’s opening weekend, which was released the following October.

Production

Film Director Writer(s) Producer(s) Cinematographer Editor Composer Production designer
Saw (2004) James Wan Story by James Wan & Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by Leigh Whannell
Mark Burg
Oren Koules
Gregg Hoffman
David A. Armstrong Kevin Greutert Charlie Clouser Julie Berghoff
Saw II (2005) Darren Lynn Bousman Leigh Whannell & Darren Lynn Bousman David Hackl
Saw III (2006) Story by James Wan & Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by Leigh Whannell
Saw IV (2007) Story by Thomas Fenton & Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan
Screenplay by Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan
Saw V (2008) David Hackl Patrick Melton & Marcus Dunstan Anthony A. Ianni
Saw VI (2009) Kevin Greutert Andrew Coutts
Saw 3D (2010) Brian Gedge

Characters

Character Film
Saw Saw II Saw III Saw IV Saw V Saw VI Saw 3D
John Kramer/Jigsaw Tobin Bell
Amanda Young Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith Shawnee Smith
Allison Kerry Dina Meyer Dina Meyer
Adam Stanheight Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell
Lawrence Gordon Cary Elwes Cary Elwes Cary Elwes
Eric Matthews Donnie Wahlberg Donnie Wahlberg
Daniel Rigg Lyriq Bent Lyriq Bent
Mark Hoffman Costas Mandylor
Jill Tuck Betsy Russell
Jeff Denlon Angus Macfadyen Angus Macfadyen
Lynn Denlon Bahar Soomekh Bahar Soomekh
Peter Strahm Scott Patterson Scott Patterson
Lindsey Perez Athena Karkanis Athena Karkanis Athena Karkanis

Box office revenue

Film Release date Revenue Budget
United States
Canada
Other markets Worldwide
Saw October 29, 2004 $65,303,370 $56,695,965 $121,999,335 $1,200,000–1,400,000
Saw II October 28, 2005 $100,291,115 $69,950,938 $170,242,053 $4,600,000
Saw III October 27, 2006 $89,414,350 $94,313,972 $183,728,322 $11,200,000
Saw IV October 26, 2007 $68,351,472 $82,121,566 $150,473,038 $10,800,000
Saw V October 24, 2008 $59,606,215 $59,995,406 $119,601,621 $11,300,000
Saw VI October 23, 2009 $28,023,839 $41,024,227 $69,048,066 $11,100,000
Saw 3D October 29, 2010 $46,441,540 $91,887,301 $138,328,841 $17,300,000
Total $457,431,901 $495,989,375 $953,421,276 $67,700,000 estimated

F1, Formula 1

Formula 1, also known as Formula One or F1 and referred to officially as the FIA Formula One World Championship, is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA). The “formula”, designated in the name, refers to a set of rules with which all participants’ cars must comply. The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix (from French, originally meaning grand prizes), held on purpose-built circuits and public roads. The results of each race are combined with a points system to determine two annual World Championships, one for the drivers and one for the constructors. The racing drivers, constructor teams, track officials, organizers, and circuits are required to be holders of valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA.

Formula One cars are among the fastest circuit-racing cars in the world, owing to very high cornering speeds achieved through the generation of large amounts of aerodynamic downforce. Formula One cars race at speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph) with engines limited in performance to a maximum of 18,000 revolutions per minute (RPM). The cars are capable of lateral acceleration in excess of 5 g in corners. The performance of the cars is very dependent on electronics – although traction control and other driving aids have been banned since 2008 – and on aerodynamics, suspension and tyres. The formula has had much evolution and change through the history of the sport. Europe, the sport’s traditional base, is where about half of each year’s races occur. That said, the sport’s scope has expanded significantly during recent years and an increasing number of Grands Prix are held on other continents.

Formula One had a total global television audience of 527 million people during the course of the 2010 FIA Formula One World Championship. Such racing began in 1906 and, in the second half of the 20th century, became the most popular kind of racing internationally. The Formula One Group is the legal holder of the commercial rights. With annual spending totalling billions of US dollars, Formula One’s economic effect and creation of jobs is significant, and its financial and political battles are widely reported. Its high profile and popularity make it a merchandising environment, which results in great investments from sponsors and budgets in the hundreds of millions for the constructors. However, mostly since 2000, due to the always increasing expenditures, several teams, including works teams from car makers and those teams with minimal support from the automotive industry, have become bankrupt or been bought out by companies wanting to establish a team within the sport; these buyouts are also influenced by Formula One limiting the number of participant teams.

Points system

Various systems for awarding championship points have been used since 1950. As of 2010, the top ten cars are awarded points, the winner receiving 25 points. The total number of points won at each race are added up, and the driver and constructor with the most points at the end of the season are World Champions. If both a team’s cars finish in the points, they both receive Constructors Championship points. Nevertheless, the Drivers and Constructors Championships often have different results.

To receive points, a driver must be classified. Strictly speaking, in order to be classified, a driver need not finish the race, but complete at least 90% of the winner’s race distance. Therefore, it is possible for a driver to receive some points even if he retired before the end of the race.

In the event that less than 75% of the race laps are completed by the winner, only half of the points listed in the table are awarded to the drivers and constructors for the listed positions. This has happened on only five occasions in the history of the championship, and it has decided the championship winner on one occasion. The last occurrence was at the 2009 Malaysian Grand Prix when the race was called off after 31 laps due to torrential rain. This was the first time half points were awarded since the 1991 Australian Grand Prix.

A driver can switch teams during the season and, for the Drivers Championship, keep all points gained at the previous team.

In 2010, Formula One modified its points system, giving points to the first ten drivers instead of eight or six in previous years.

Points awarded for finishing
Position Points
1st 25
2nd 18
3rd 15
4th 12
5th 10
6th 8
7th 6
8th 4
9th 2
10th 1

Grands Prix

The number of Grands Prix held in a season has varied over the years. Only seven races comprised the inaugural 1950 world championship season; over the years the calendar has almost tripled in size. Though the number of races had stayed at sixteen or seventeen since the 1980s, it peaked at nineteen in both 2005 & 2010. The 2011 season was expected to have 20 races, however there were only 19 races as the Bahrain Grand Prix was postponed, then later cancelled due to political disputes in the country. The 2012 season has 20 races.

Six of the original seven races took place in Europe; the only non-European race that counted towards the World Championship in 1950 was the Indianapolis 500, which, due to lack of participation by F1 teams, since it required cars with different specifications from the other races, was later replaced by the United States Grand Prix. The F1 championship gradually expanded to other non-European countries as well. Argentina hosted the first South American grand prix in 1953, and Morocco hosted the first African World Championship race in 1958. Asia (Japan in 1976) and Oceania (Australia in 1985) followed. The twenty races of the 2012 Formula One season are spread over the continents of Europe, Asia, Oceania plus North and South America.

Traditionally each nation has hosted a single Grand Prix, which carries the name of the country. If a single country hosts multiple Grands Prix in a year they receive different names. For instance, a European country (such as Britain, Germany or Spain) which has hosted two Grands Prix has the second one known as the European Grand Prix, while Italy’s second grand prix was named after nearby republic of San Marino. Similarly, as two races were scheduled in Japan in 1994/1995, the second event was known as the Pacific Grand Prix. In 1982, the United States hosted three Grands Prix.

The Grands Prix, some of which have a history that pre-dates the Formula One World Championship, are not always held on the same circuit every year. The British Grand Prix, for example, though held every year since 1950, alternated between Brands Hatch and Silverstone from 1963 to 1986. The only other race to have been included in every season is the Italian Grand Prix. The World Championship event has taken place exclusively at Monza with just one exception: in 1980, it was held at Imola, host to the San Marino Grand Prix until 2006.

One of the newer races on the Grand Prix calendar, held in Bahrain, represents Formula One’s first foray into the Middle East with a high-tech purpose-built desert track. The Bahrain Grand Prix, and other new races in China and Turkey, present new opportunities for the growth and evolution of the Formula One Grand Prix franchise while new facilities also raise the bar for other Formula One racing venues around the world. In order to make room on the schedule for the newer races, older or less successful events in Europe and the Americas have been dropped from the calendar, such as those in Argentina, Austria, Mexico, France and San Marino.

Even more recent additions to the calendar include the Singapore Grand Prix which, in September 2008, hosted the first night race ever held in Formula One, the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, which hosted the first day-to-night race in November 2009, the Korean Grand Prix, first held in October 2010 and the Indian Grand Prix, first held in October 2011.

The United States Grand Prix will return in Austin, Texas at the new Circuit of the Americas from 2012 to 2021, the Grand Prix of America will be held in New Jersey from 2013 at the Port Imperial Street Circuit and a Russian Grand Prix will be hosted in Sochi from 2014 to 2020 at a circuit at the new Sochi Olympic Park.

F1, Formula 1 Pictures

 

Human Anatomy

Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the human body. Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells). Anatomy, human physiology (the study of function), and biochemistry (the study of the chemistry of living structures) are complementary basic medical sciences that are generally together (or in tandem) to students studying medical sciences.

In some of its facets human anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution; for example, much of the human body maintains the ancient segmental pattern that is present in all vertebrates with basic units being repeated, which is particularly obvious in the vertebral column and in the ribcage, and can be traced from very early embryos.

The human body consists of biological systems, that consist of organs, that consist of tissues, that consist of cells and connective tissue.

The history of anatomy has been characterized, over a long period of time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also advanced dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of fresh and preserved cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century.

Gross anatomy has become a key part of visual arts. Basic concepts of how muscles and bones function and deform with movement is key to drawing, painting or animating a human figure. Many books such as “Human Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form”, are written as a guide to drawing the human body anatomically correctly. Leonardo da Vinci sought to improve his art through a better understanding of human anatomy. In the process he advanced both human anatomy and its representation in art.

Regional groups

  • Head and neck – includes everything above the thoracic inlet.
  • Upper limb – includes the hand, wrist, forearm, elbow, arm, and shoulder.
  • Thorax – the region of the chest from the thoracic inlet to the thoracic diaphragm.
  • Human abdomen to the pelvic brim or to the pelvic inlet.
  • The back – the spine and its components, the vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, and intervertebral disks.
  • Pelvis and Perineum – the pelvis consists of everything from the pelvic inlet to the pelvic diaphragm. The perineum is the region between the sex organs and the anus.
  • Lower limb – everything below the inguinal ligament, including the hip, the thigh, the knee, the leg, the ankle, and the foot.

Head and neck

  • Brain
  • Basal ganglia
  • Brain stem (medulla, midbrain, pons)
  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Hypothalamus
  • Limbic system (Amygdala)
  • Eyes (2, non-vital)
  • Pineal gland
  • Pituitary gland
  • Thyroid gland
  • Parathyroid glands (4 or more)

Thorax

  • Heart
  • Lungs (2)
  • Esophagus
  • Thymus gland
  • Pleura

Abdomen and pelvis (both sexes)

  • Adrenal glands (2)
  • Appendix
  • Bladder
  • Gallbladder (non-vital)
  • Large intestine
  • Small intestine
  • Kidneys (2)
  • Liver
  • Pancreas – gland
  • Spleen (non-vital)
  • Stomach

Male pelvis

  • Prostate gland (non-vital)
  • Testes – glands (2,non-vital)

Female pelvis

  • Ovaries – glands (2, non-vital)
  • Uterus (non-vital)

Major organ systems

  • Circulatory system: pumping and channeling blood to and from the body and lungs with heart, blood, and blood vessels.
  • Digestive System: digestion and processing food with salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, rectum, and anus.
  • Endocannabinoid system: neuromodulatory lipids and receptors involved in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, motor learning, synaptic plasticity, and memory.
  • Endocrine system: communication within the body using hormones made by endocrine glands such as the hypothalamus, pituitary or pituitary gland, pineal body or pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroids, and adrenals or adrenal glands
  • Integumentary system: skin, hair and nails
  • Immune system: the system that fights off disease; composed of leukocytes, tonsils, adenoids, thymus, and spleen.
  • Lymphatic system: structures involved in the transfer of lymph between tissues and the blood stream, the lymph and the nodes and vessels that transport it.
  • Musculoskeletal system: muscles provide movement and a skeleton provides structural support and protection with bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.
  • Nervous system: collecting, transferring and processing information with brain, spinal cord and nerves
  • Reproductive system: the sex organs; in the female; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands, and in the male; testicles, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis.
  • Respiratory system: the organs used for breathing, the pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, and diaphragm.
  • Urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra involved in fluid balance, electrolyte balance and excretion of urine.
  • Vestibular system: contributes to our balance and our sense of spatial orientation.

Vatican City

Vatican City or Vatican City State, in Italian officially Stato della Città del Vaticano is a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of just over 800. This makes Vatican City the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population.

Vatican City State was established in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty, signed by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri, on behalf of Pope Pius XI and by Prime Minister and Head of Government Benito Mussolini on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Vatican City State is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. Ordinances of Vatican City are published in Italian; official documents of the Holy See are issued mainly in Latin. The two entities have distinct passports: the Holy See, not being a country, issues only diplomatic and service passports, whereas Vatican City State issues normal passports. In each case very few passports are issued.

The Lateran Treaty in 1929, which brought the city-state into existence, spoke of it as a new creation (Preamble and Article III), not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870) that had previously encompassed much of central Italy. Most of this territory was absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, and the final portion, namely the city of Rome with Lazio, ten years later, in 1870.

Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state, ruled by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See (Sancta Sedes) and the location of the Pope’s residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.

The Popes have generally resided in the area that in 1929 became Vatican City since the return from Avignon in 1377, but have also at times resided in the Quirinal Palace in Rome and elsewhere. Previously, they resided in the Lateran Palace on the Caelian Hill on the far side of Rome from the Vatican. Emperor Constantine gave this site to Pope Miltiades in 313. The signing of the agreements that established the new state took place in the latter building, giving rise to the name of Lateran Pacts, by which they are known.

Vatican City is itself of great cultural significance. Buildings such as St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel are home to some of the most famous art in the world, which includes works by artists such as Botticelli, Bernini and Michelangelo. The Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance. In 1984, the Vatican was added by UNESCO to the List of World Heritage Sites; it is the only one to consist of an entire country.

The Vatican can be said to be the de facto custodian of the Latin language through its Latinitas Foundation. An important product of this foundation is the Latin lexicon of recent neologisms, the Lexicon Recentis Latinitatis.
The permanent population of the Vatican City is predominately male, although two communities of nuns live in the Vatican. A minority are senior Catholic clergy, some are members of institutes of consecrated life, and the Swiss Guards make up an important segment. Many workers in Vatican City and and embassy personnel accredited to the Holy See live outside its walls.

Tourism and pilgrimages are an important factor in the daily life in the Vatican. The Pope has weekly public audiences and celebrates public Mass and other services, and imparts solemn blessings to “the City and the World” at Easter and Christmas, and immediately following his election as Pope. For significant events with large numbers of attendees, he concelebrates open-air Mass in Saint Peter’s Square.

Berlin

Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.5 million people, Berlin is Germany’s largest city and is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has 5.9 million residents. Located in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one third of the city’s area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.

First documented in the 13th century, Berlin was the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945). Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city became divided into East Berlin—the capital of East Germany—and West Berlin, a West German exclave surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989). Following German reunification in 1990, the city regained its status as the capital of Germany, hosting 147 foreign embassies.
Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science. Its economy is primarily based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, media corporations, and convention venues.
Berlin also serves as a continental hub for air and rail transport, and is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, biotechnology, electronics, traffic engineering, and renewable energy.

Berlin is home to renowned universities, research institutes, orchestras, museums, and celebrities, as well as host of many sporting events. Its urban settings and historical legacy have made it a popular location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, public transportation networks and a high quality of living.

Population of Berlin
Year Population
2012 3,520,114
2011 3,501,872
2010 3,450,889
2008 3.426.354
2007 3.404.037
2006 3.395.189
2004 3.388.477
2003 3.392.425
2002 3.388.434
1998 3.398.820
1997 3.425.759
1996 3.459.000
1995 3.471.418
1994 3.472.009
1991 3.446.031
1990 3.433.695
1989 3.409.737
1987 3.248.957

Population by nationality

On 31 December 2010 the largest groups by foreign nationality were citizens from Turkey (104,556), Poland (40,988), Serbia (19,230), Italy (15,842), Russia (15,332), United States (12,733), France (13,262), Vietnam (13,199), Croatia (10,104), Bosnia and Herzegovina (10,198), UK (10,191), Greece (9,301), Austria (9,246), Ukraine (8,324), Lebanon (7,078), Spain (7,670), Bulgaria (9,988), the People’s Republic of China (5,632), Thailand (5,037). There is also a large Arabic community, mostly from Lebanon, Palestine and Iraq. Additionally, Berlin has one of the largest Vietnamese communities outside Vietnam, with about 83,000 people of Vietnamese origin.

Country of origin Population
Turkey 250,000-300,000
Russia est.200,000
Poland est.200,000
Arab World est.70,000
Vietnam est. 20,000-40,000 (with Residence permission or German citizenship/without Residence permission)
Ghana est. 20,000 (estimations vary from 15,000-25,000). Actually there are about 1,800 Ghanaian citizens residing in Berlin, however, there are many Germans of Ghanaian and other West-African origin or with one parent being German and the other being from Ghana.
China, Croatia, Serbia, United States,Italy, Bosnia, Iran, Greece almost or at least 20,000

Game of Thrones

Game of Thrones is a medieval fantasy television series created for the U.S. channel HBO by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss. It is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. R. Martin’s series of fantasy novels, the first of which is titled A Game of Thrones. The series’ cast is mostly British and Irish. It is filmed at Paint Hall Studios in Belfast, as well as on location elsewhere in Northern Ireland, Malta, Croatia, Iceland, and Morocco.

The first season debuted in the U.S. on April 17, 2011. Two days later, it was picked up for a second season, which began airing on April 1, 2012. Nine days after that, it was picked up for a third season.

Highly anticipated since its early stages of development, Game of Thrones has been very well received by viewers and critics. Season 1 was nominated for or won numerous awards, including Outstanding Drama Series for the Emmy Awards and Best Television Series – Drama at the 69th Golden Globe Awards. As Tyrion Lannister, Peter Dinklage won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film. Season 2 has been nominated for 12 Emmy Awards.

Game of Thrones Cast
Lena Headey
Cersei Lannister (20 episodes, 2011-2013)
Peter Dinklage
Tyrion Lannister (20 episodes, 2011-2013)
Maisie Williams
Arya Stark (19 episodes, 2011-2013)
Michelle Fairley
Catelyn Stark (18 episodes, 2011-2013)
Emilia Clarke
Daenerys Targaryen (18 episodes, 2011-2013)
Alfie Allen
Theon Greyjoy (18 episodes, 2011-2013)
Iain Glen
Ser Jorah Mormont (17 episodes, 2011-2013)
Kit Harington
Jon Snow (17 episodes, 2011-2013)
Sophie Turner
Sansa Stark (17 episodes, 2011-2013)
Jack Gleeson
Joffrey Baratheon (17 episodes, 2011-2013)
Aidan Gillen
Petyr Baelish (16 episodes, 2011-2013)
Isaac Hempstead Wright
Bran Stark (16 episodes, 2011-2013)
Richard Madden
Robb Stark (14 episodes, 2011-2012)
Jerome Flynn
Bronn (14 episodes, 2011-2013)
Conleth Hill
Lord Varys (14 episodes, 2011-2013)
Donald Sumpter
Maester Luwin (14 episodes, 2011-2012)
Nikolaj Coster-Waldau
Jaime Lannister (13 episodes, 2011-2013)
Rory McCann
Sandor Clegane (13 episodes, 2011-2012)
Ron Donachie
Ser Rodrik Cassel (13 episodes, 2011-2012)
Julian Glover
Grand Maester Pycelle (13 episodes, 2011-2012)
Amrita Acharia
Irri (13 episodes, 2011-2012)
Charles Dance
Tywin Lannister (12 episodes, 2011-2013)
John Bradley
Samwell Tarly (12 episodes, 2011-2013)
Kristian Nairn
Hodor (12 episodes, 2011-2012)
Sibel Kekilli
Shae (11 episodes, 2011-2013)
Mark Stanley
Grenn (11 episodes, 2011-2012)
Roxanne McKee
Doreah (11 episodes, 2011-2012)
Sean Bean
Eddard Stark (10 episodes, 2011)
Natalia Tena
Osha (10 episodes, 2011-2012)
Esmé Bianco
Ros (10 episodes, 2011-2012)
Joe Dempsie
Gendry (10 episodes, 2011-2013)
Jason Momoa
Khal Drogo (10 episodes, 2011-2012)
Thomas Brodie-Sangster
Jojen Reed (10 episodes, 2013)
Ciarán Hinds
Mance Rayder (10 episodes, 2013)
Kristofer Hivju
Tormund Giantsbane (10 episodes, 2013)
James Cosmo
Jeor Mormont (9 episodes, 2011-2013)
Ben Hawkey
Hot Pie (9 episodes, 2011-2013)
Season Ordered Filming Premiere Novel adapted
Season 1 March 2, 2010 Second half of 2010 April 17, 2011 A Game of Thrones
Season 2 April 19, 2011 Second half of 2011 April 1, 2012 A Clash of Kings
Season 3 April 10, 2012 Second half of 2012 March 31, 2013 About the first half of A Storm of Swords